, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 369–391

Building a System for Finding Objections to an Argument


DOI: 10.1007/s10503-012-9261-z

Cite this article as:
Walton, D. Argumentation (2012) 26: 369. doi:10.1007/s10503-012-9261-z


This paper addresses the role that argumentation schemes and argument visualization software tools can play in helping to find and counter objections to a given argument one is confronted with. Based on extensive analysis of features of the argumentation in these two examples, a practical four-step method of finding objections to an argument is set out. The study also applies the Carneades Argumentation System to the task of finding objections to an argument, and shows how this system has some capabilities that are especially useful.


Argumentation schemes Proleptic argumentation Argument invention Critical questions Rebuttal Refutation Argument visualization tools Argument from inconsistent commitment 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Research in Reasoning, Argumentation and Rhetoric (CRRAR)University of WindsorWindsorCanada

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