Genetic evaluation of Chinese shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) stock enhancement in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea based on mitochondrial DNA control region

  • Tianyan Yang
  • Shuang Yang
  • Wei Meng
  • Tianxiang Gao
  • Xiumei ZhangEmail author


Stock enhancement is a fishery management approach involving the release of hatchery organisms to increase the abundance of natural fish or invertebrate population. In this study, genetic evaluation of Fenneropenaeus chinensis stock enhancement was carried out based on the mitochondrial DNA control region. The haplotype diversity (Hd) and nucleotide diversity (π) of broodstock populations were generally higher than that of recaptured populations. The molecular variance analysis (AMOVA) results demonstrated that genetic variance was in connection with the time of releasing and recapture. A significant pairwise FST value was only obtained between L1CY and C2LZ. But there was no obvious correlation between their geographical distance and genetic difference, confirming that time factor might be the leading cause of differences. Haplotypes shared by more than three individuals all could be recaptured, which indicated that the enhancement experiment was relatively successful. In general, the enhancement effect in 2012 was better than that of in 2013.


Chinese shrimp Stock enhancement Release-recapture mtDNA control region 


Funding information

This study is financially supported by the Scientific Research Startup Foundation of Zhejiang Ocean University (2016–2017) and National Program on Key Basic Research Project (973 Program) (2015CB453302).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fisheries CollegeZhejiang Ocean UniversityZhoushanChina
  2. 2.Fisheries CollegeOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Marine Fisheries Research Institute of ZhejiangZhoushanChina

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