Aquaculture International

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 277–291 | Cite as

Modulation of nutrient utilization, growth, and immunity of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus: the role of probiotics

  • Felix K. A. Kuebutornye
  • Emmanuel Delwin Abarike
  • Michael Essien Sakyi
  • Yishan LuEmail author
  • Zhiwen Wang


The production of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, over the last few years has increased due to the adoption of intensive farming technologies. However, the continuous increase in O. niloticus production must be based on sustainable practices. Probiotic use in O. niloticus culture is considered a good alternative in improving growth, feed utilization, immune status, and survival against pathogens which are common problems currently faced in intensive culture systems. Nutrient utilization of fish is one of the criteria that determines the production, profitability, and productivity of the aquaculture industry. However, research on probiotics in aquaculture, especially in O. niloticus culture, is much geared towards immunity and disease resistance while areas of equal importance such as nutrient utilization which translates into good health and growth as well as hepatic indexes which detect tissue damage caused by toxicants are less explored. The present review elucidates the effects of probiotics on nutrient utilization (proteins, lipids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals), growth, immune status, and disease resistance of tilapia. Furthermore, this review tries to point out gaps in existing literature that warrant further investigations and development.


Probiotics Nutrient utilization Digestibility Fish Tilapia 


Funding information

Shenzhen strategic emerging and future industrial development funds (20170426231005389)

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of FisheryGuangdong Ocean UniversityZhanjiangChina
  2. 2.Shenzhen Institute of Guangdong Ocean UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology and Epidemiology for Aquatic AnimalsZhanjiangChina
  4. 4.Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for Aquatic Animal Health AssessmentShenzhenChina
  5. 5.Shenzhen Public Service Platform for Evaluation of Marine Economic Animal SeedingsShenzhenChina
  6. 6.Guangdong Key Laboratory of Control for Diseases of Aquatic Economic AnimalsZhanjiangChina
  7. 7.Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources ManagementUniversity for Development StudiesTamaleGhana

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