Advertisement

Aquaculture International

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 199–209 | Cite as

Insight into the economy of aquaculture production in Czechia: assessment of aquaculture enterprises

  • Antonín Vavrečka
  • Petra Šánová
  • Lukáš KalousEmail author
Article
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

We provide a general overview of spatial distribution and the economic situation of aquaculture enterprises in Czechia (the Czech Republic) in terms of revenues, profitability, work productivity, indebtedness and grants. We analysed data available in the State Veterinary Administration and information system of the State Agricultural Intervention Fund. The most significant fish producers (enterprises) are located in the regions of South Bohemia. Aquaculture sector profitability and enterprises profits have been moderately rising since 2010. The profitability in 2015 is roughly the same as that in 2005. The amount of provided grants showed a higher value than the generated average annual profits. The enterprises were not able to generate sufficient resources to finance investments without grants resources. Enterprises that realised financing for larger investments from bank credits showed relatively high levels of indebtedness (micro-enterprises at 95.5%). On the contrary, work productivity was the highest for micro-enterprises. Micro-enterprises had the largest share of revenues in relation to the number of employees. Each group of enterprises is considerably specific and needs an individual approach for the subsequent evaluation.

Keywords

Pond aquaculture Czech Republic Enterprises Revenues Profitability Work productivity Indebtedness Grants 

Abbreviations

BMEL

Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Germany

CFFA

Czech Fish Farmers Association

EUMOFA

The European Market Observatory for fisheries and aquaculture

IS SAIF

Information system of the State Agricultural Intervention Fund

MoA

Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic

STECF

Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries

SVA

State Veterinary Administration

Notes

Funding information

The research for this paper was financially supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic, grant NAKI II no. DG18P02OVV057.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

References

  1. Adámek Z, Kouřil J (2000) A long aquaculture tradition in the Czech Republic. European Aquaculture Society, Magazine Aquaculture Europe 25:20–23Google Scholar
  2. Adámek Z, Linhart O, Kratochvíl M, Flajšhans M, Randák T, Policar T, Masojídek J, Kozák P (2012) Aquaculture in the Czech Republic in 2012: modern European prosperous sector based on thousand-year history of pond culture. European Aquaculture Society, magazine Aquaculture Europe 37:5–17Google Scholar
  3. Berka R (2015) Improving the fish market. In: Urbánek M (ed) Our fishery. Czech Fish Farmers Association, České Budějovice, pp 121–141Google Scholar
  4. BMEL - Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Germany (2014) Multiannual national plan for the development of sustainable aquaculture, Berlin, p 89Google Scholar
  5. Bostock J, Lane A, Hough C, Yamamoto K (2016) An assessment of the economic contribution of EU aquaculture production and the influence of policies for its sustainable development. Aquac Int 24:699–733.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-016-9992-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Budíková M (2006) Statistics II. Masaryk University, Brno, p 91Google Scholar
  7. Centenera R (2014) Fisheries in Germany. Directorate-General for Internal Policies, Policy Department B, Structural and cohesion policies – Fisheries, p 33Google Scholar
  8. CFFA - Czech Fish Farmers Association (2015) Aquaculture in the Czech Republic. The information brochure of Czech aquaculture. Nakladatelství Typ, České Budějovice, p 28Google Scholar
  9. EUMOFA (2016a) The EU fish market. Directorate – General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the European Commission, European Commission, p 86Google Scholar
  10. EUMOFA (2016b) Case study - price structure in the supply chain for fresh carp in Central Europe. European Market Observatory for fisheries and aquaculture products, European Commission, p 34Google Scholar
  11. EUMOFA (2019) Factors affecting cross-border investments in EU aquaculture. European Market Observatory for fisheries and aquaculture products, European Commission, p 20Google Scholar
  12. FAME SU (2016) Summary of the Multiannual National Aquaculture Strategic Plans – final draft. European Commission – Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, p 14Google Scholar
  13. FAO (2016) Aquaculture big numbers. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 601, Rome, Italy, p 60Google Scholar
  14. Guillen J, Natale F, Fernández Polanco JM (2015) Estimating the economic performance of the EU aquaculture sector. Aquac Int 23:1387–1400.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-015-9891-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Holečková J (2009) Financial analysis of debt influence on profitability and value of enterprise, vol 3. Czech Financial and Accounting Magazine, University of Economics, Prague, pp 37–48Google Scholar
  16. Kalous L, Nechanská D, Petrtýl M (2018) Survey of angler's internet posts confirmed the occurrence of freshwater fishes of the genus Ictiobus (Rafinesque, 1819) in natural waters of Czechia. Knowl Manag Aquat Ecosyst (419):29.  https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae/2018019
  17. Křivánek J, Němec J, Kopp J (2012) Pond aquaculture in the Czech Republic. Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, PragueGoogle Scholar
  18. Lane A, Hough C, Bostock J (2014) The long-term economic and ecologic impact of larger sustainable aquaculture. Directorate-General for Internal Policies, Policy Department B, Structural and cohesion policies – Fisheries, p 96Google Scholar
  19. Lynch AJ, Cooke SJ, Deines AM, Bower SD, Bunnell DB, Cowx IG, Nguyen VM, Nohner J, Phouthavong K, Riley B, Rogers MW, Taylor WW, Woelmer W, Youn S, Beard TD (2016) The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries. Environ Rev 24(2):115–121.  https://doi.org/10.1139/er-2015-0064 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Martín IJ (2011) Fisheries in Poland. Directorate – General for Internal Policies, Policy Department B, Structural and cohesion policies – Fisheries, 57Google Scholar
  21. Matzinger T (2014) Ponds in the landscape - meaning, function and threat. A series of publications by the Federal Bureau of Water Management, Vol. 36, 34Google Scholar
  22. MoA (2014) Multi-annual national strategic plan for aquaculture. Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, Prague, p 96Google Scholar
  23. Nebeský V, Policar T, Blecha M, Křišťan J, Svačina P (2016) Trends in import and export of fishery products in the Czech Republic during 2010–2015. Aquac Int 24:1657–1668.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-016-0066-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pánek J, Tůma O (2018) History of the Czech lands. Charles University in Prague, Karolinum PressGoogle Scholar
  25. Pokorný J (2015a) Ponds and the concentration of pond area. In: Urbánek M (ed) Czech ponds and fisheries in the 20th century. Czech Fish Farmers Association, České Budějovice, pp 25–35Google Scholar
  26. Pokorný J (2015b) Construction and revitalization of ponds. In: Urbánek M (ed) Czech ponds and fisheries in the 20th century. Czech Fish Farmers Association, České Budějovice, pp 166–173Google Scholar
  27. Pokorný J, Hauser V (2002) The restoration of fish ponds in agricultural landscapes. Ecol Eng 18(5):555–574.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-8574(02)00020-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. STECF (2016) Economic report of the EU aquaculture sector (EWG-16-12). Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, European Commission, 483Google Scholar
  29. Subasinghe R, Soto D, Jia J (2009) Global aquaculture and its role in sustainable development. Rev Aquac 1:2–9.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-5131.2008.01002.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Terazi E, Şenel S (2011) The effects of the global financial crisis on the central and eastern European Union countries. Int J Bus Soc Sci 2(17):186–192Google Scholar
  31. Williams P, Whitfield M, Biggs J, Bray S, Fox G, Nicolet P, Sear D (2004) Comparative biodiversity of rivers, streams, ditches and ponds in an agricultural landscape in Southern England. Biol Conserv 115(2):329–341.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(03)00153-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yuan Y, Yuan Y, Dai Y, Gong Y (2017) Economic profitability of tilapia farming in China. Aquac Int 25:1253–1264.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-017-0111-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePraha 6 – SuchdolCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Trade and Finance, Faculty of Economics and ManagementCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePraha 6 – SuchdolCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations