Aquaculture International

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 843–855 | Cite as

Dietary supplementation of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) improves growth, stress tolerance, and disease resistance in juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

  • David Attim Abass
  • Kwasi Adu ObirikorangEmail author
  • Benjamin Betey Campion
  • Regina Esi Edziyie
  • Peter Vilhelm Skov


The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is one of the commonest probiotics incorporated in aquafeeds. An 84-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of varying dietary inclusions of S. cerevisiae, 0% (control), 3% (YF3), 5% (YF5), and 7% (YF7), on growth, stress tolerance, and disease resistance in juvenile (body mass ~ 21 g) Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish were randomly distributed in groups of 20 into 12 1-m3 hapas and fed isoenergetic (~ 17 kJ g−1 gross energy) and isonitrogenous (~ 300 g kg−1 crude protein) diets at 3% of their bulk weight daily. Specific growth rates were significantly higher for the yeast-fed fish (0.77–0.78% day−1) than for the control fish (0.60% day−1) and resulted in significantly higher mean final weights for the yeast-treated groups. Protein and lipid retention efficiencies were also significantly higher in the yeast-fed fish than in the control group. In subsequent stress challenge trials, the yeast-fed fish had greater tolerance to acute heat as well as hypoxia exposure than the control fish. Survival rates of the yeast-treated groups following sudden exposure to elevated water temperature (40 °C) ranged from 82.5 to 100% compared to 15% for the control. Mean survival rates following a 24-h hypoxia exposure were also generally significantly higher for the yeast-fed fish. The probiotic groups recorded a relative percent survival (RPS) of 75% after a 14-day Aeromonas hydrophila infection challenge. The results of this study indicate that S. cerevisiae as an additive in Nile tilapia diets has beneficial impacts on growth, stress tolerance, and disease resistance.


Aeromonas hydrophila Baker’s yeast Disease resistance Fish growth Oreochromis niloticus Probiotic 



The authors would like to thank the technical and laboratory staff of the Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources and the Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, for their assistance with the experimentation, laboratory analyses and Aeromonas hydrophila culture.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Attim Abass
    • 1
  • Kwasi Adu Obirikorang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benjamin Betey Campion
    • 1
  • Regina Esi Edziyie
    • 1
  • Peter Vilhelm Skov
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and Watershed Mangement, Faculty of Renewable Natural ResourcesKwame Nkrumah University of Science and TechnologyKumasiGhana
  2. 2.DTU Aqua, Section for Aquaculture, The North Sea Research CentreTechnical University of DenmarkHirtshalsDenmark

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