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Aquaculture International

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 185–202 | Cite as

Effect of formulated diets on the proximate composition and fatty acid profiles of sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus gonad

  • Ermelinda PratoEmail author
  • Mariachiara Chiantore
  • Maeve S. Kelly
  • Adam D. Hughes
  • Philip James
  • Maria Paola Ferranti
  • Francesca Biandolino
  • Isabella Parlapiano
  • Benedetto Sicuro
  • Giovanni Fanelli
Article

Abstract

Three formulated diets were tested to evaluate their effects on gonad quality in Paracentrotus lividus. Experiments were conducted in parallel by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) of Taranto (trial 1) and the University of Genoa (trial 2), in land-based systems. In both trials, somatic and gonadsomatic index (GSI) were measured and the nutritional profile of the sea urchins has determined significant variations in the biochemical composition. Sea urchins fed the experimental diets contained higher levels of nutrients (protein and lipid and carbohydrate) compared to wild sea urchins. However, total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially EPA and DHA, and the n-3/n-6 ratio were lower in urchins fed with formulated diets. In both trials, sea urchins fed with diet 2 (SABS) showed a similar profile with PUFAs higher than SAFAs and MUFAs, the highest UNS/SAT ratio, although the highest n3/n6 ratio was observed in the group fed diet 3 (CNR). Atherogenicity, thrombogenicity, and hypocholesterolemic/hypercholesterolemic indices showed the best values in sea urchins fed diet 2 in both trials.

Keywords

Echinoculture Paracentrotus lividus Formulated diets Growth Gonadosomatic index Biochemical composition 

Abbreviations

TL

Total lipid

FAME

Fatty acid methyl ester

GC

Gas chromatography

FAs

Fatty acids

NQI

Nutritional quality indexes

AI

Atherogenicity index

TI

Thrombogenicity index

HH

Hypocholesterolemic/hypercholesterolemic

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

MUFA

Monounsaturated fatty acid

SAFA

Saturated fatty acid

EPA

Eicosapentaenoic acid—C20:5n3

DHA

Docosahexaenoic acid—C22:6n3

LDLC

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

HDLC

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol

SDA

Stearidonic acid

ARA

Arachidonic acid

DPA

Docosaepentaenoic acid

AA

Arachidonic acid

UNS/SAT

Unsaturated/saturated

CHD

Coronary heart disease

Notes

Funding information

This research has been supported by ResUrch project: “REsearch and technological development to improve economic profitability and environmental Sustainability of sea URCHin farming” (http://resurchproject.com) funded by the EU under the FP7 framework.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ermelinda Prato
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mariachiara Chiantore
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maeve S. Kelly
    • 4
  • Adam D. Hughes
    • 4
  • Philip James
    • 5
  • Maria Paola Ferranti
    • 2
  • Francesca Biandolino
    • 1
  • Isabella Parlapiano
    • 1
  • Benedetto Sicuro
    • 6
  • Giovanni Fanelli
    • 1
  1. 1.CNR-IAMC Istituto per l’Ambiente Marino CostieroUOS TarantoTarantoItaly
  2. 2.Università degli Studi di Genova, DiSTAVGenoaItaly
  3. 3.CNR-IBF, Institute of Biophysics, UOS GenovaGenoaItaly
  4. 4.Scottish Association for Marine Science, Dunstaffnage Marine LaboratoryObanUK
  5. 5.Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture ResearchTromsoNorway
  6. 6.Dipartimento di Scienze VeterinarieUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly

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