Aquaculture International

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1699–1723 | Cite as

Comparative analysis of using cereal grains and compound feed in semi-intensive common carp pond production

  • Zoran Marković
  • Marko Stanković
  • Božidar Rašković
  • Zorka DulićEmail author
  • Ivana Živić
  • Vesna Poleksić
Carp pond aquaculture, product processing and quality


The semi-intensive system of carp farming is dominant in inland aquaculture. Although it appears to be simple, this system has a whole range of options, from those based on traditional rearing methods with use of plants from the region where the fish are reared to production based on the use of high-quality concentrated feeds. In this paper, we conduct a comparative analysis of the effect of using cereal grains as opposed to compound feed (pelleted and extruded) on the quantity of fish produced, flesh quality, histological changes in the digestive tract, water quality, and structure of the biocoenosis in the pond ecosystem. When the fish are fed cereal grains, production ranges from 500 to 1500 kg/ha, while using compound feed gives production that is twice as great. The proportions of protein and water are higher and that of lipids lower in flesh of common carp reared on compound feed in relation to fish fed cereal grains. Use of extruded feed gives better content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and a better n-3/n-6 ratio than when pelleted feed and cereal grains are used. Comparison of water quality in carp ponds under conditions of using various types of feed indicates that there are no significant differences. Although it was expected that feed with a higher percentage of proteins would cause disturbances in the aquatic ecosystem, their continual incorporation into the cycling of matter in the water contributes to maintenance of ecological equilibrium and even indirectly promotes growth of the common carp.


Common carp Semi-intensive carp culture Supplemental feed Flesh quality Water quality 



Polyunsaturated fatty acids



The study was supported by the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development (TR31075).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoran Marković
    • 1
  • Marko Stanković
    • 1
  • Božidar Rašković
    • 1
  • Zorka Dulić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ivana Živić
    • 2
  • Vesna Poleksić
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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