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Aquaculture International

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 955–965 | Cite as

Effects of the diatom Cylindrotheca fusiformis on the growth of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus and water quality in ponds

  • Junwei Li
  • Shuanglin DongEmail author
  • Xiangli Tian
  • Ce Shi
  • Fang Wang
  • Qinfeng Gao
  • Changbo Zhu
Article

Abstract

The effects of supplementation with the benthic diatom Cylindrotheca fusiformis on the growth of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus and water quality was studied in six sea cucumber culturing ponds (600 m2 each) from November 2011 to November 2012. The nutrients for sea cucumbers in the control group were supplied solely by the spring tide inflow; whereas, in the experimental group, C. fusiformis diatoms were also added as feed. Total nitrogen and total phosphorus in the water in the diatom-supplemented group were not significantly different from the control group (P > 0.05). At one time point (October), the NH4-N in the diatom-supplemented group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The specific growth rate and biomass per unit area of sea cucumbers in the diatom-supplemented group were significantly higher than that in the control group in June (P < 0.05), and the biomass per unit area of sea cucumbers followed a similar trend in November (P < 0.05). Nevertheless, the advantages accumulated at the early stage were non-significant by the end of the experiment (P > 0.05). The economic benefits in the diatom-supplemented group were 10.9 % higher than that in the control group. The results suggest that fresh C. fusiformis can serve as an important food resource for sea cucumbers during the early growth stages. Therefore, supplementation with fresh C. fusiformis may be effective for increasing water quality and sea cucumber production, as C. fusiformis can provide food for aquaculture animals and utilize nitrogen and phosphorus in the water.

Keywords

Microalgae Cylindrotheca fusiformis Sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus Growth Water quality 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Key R & D Program (2011BAD13B03) and National Marine Public Welfare Project of China (200905020).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junwei Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuanglin Dong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiangli Tian
    • 1
  • Ce Shi
    • 1
  • Fang Wang
    • 1
  • Qinfeng Gao
    • 1
  • Changbo Zhu
    • 2
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of EducationOcean University of ChinaQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation and Utilization of Ministry of Agriculture of China, South China Sea Fisheries Research InstituteChinese Academy of Fishery SciencesGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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