Aquaculture International

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 1–17 | Cite as

Bioturbation of sediments by benthic macroinvertebrates and fish and its implication for pond ecosystems: a review

  • Zdeněk AdámekEmail author
  • Blahoslav Maršálek


Bioturbation of bottom sediments at the sediment–water interface is currently gaining more attention in studies dealing with the functioning of aquatic ecosystems. Such bioturbation can be caused by a variety of benthic macroinvertebrates or benthivorous fish that forage and burrow various bottom tubes, holes and pits. Thus, the processes involved may either be a result of direct interception by benthic animals, e.g., through bioresuspension of particles or through food ingestion and biodeposition, or of other indirect effects, e.g., changes in the physical properties of sediments or through the constructions mentioned above, along with corresponding changes in pond ecosystem functioning. The most distinct effect of benthivorous fish bioturbation activities is an increase in the turbidity of the water, which can lead to many subsequent knock-on effects, including inhibition of phytoplankton and submersed macrophyte growth with resulting alterations in physico-chemical water conditions. The importance of benthic macroinvertebrates and fish in bioturbation processes is also indicated by an increase in the numbers of resting cyanobacterial colonies recruited due to bioturbation of bottom sediments.


Benthic macroinvertebrates Benthivorous fish Bottom-water interface Nutrient cycling Pond management 



The study was supported by the South Bohemian Research Centre of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses CENAKVA CZ.1.05/2.1.00/01.0024 and projects GA JU 047/2010/7, AVOZ60050516 and FR-TI3/196.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.South Bohemian Research Centre of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses and Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of WatersUniversity of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceVodňanyCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Experimental Phycology and Ecotoxicology, Institute of BotanyCzech Academy of SciencesPrůhoniceCzech Republic

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