Aquaculture International

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 585–599 | Cite as

Influence of food deprivation and high stocking density on energetic metabolism and stress response in red porgy, Pagrus pagrus L

  • Raúl Laiz-Carrión
  • Inês Rosa Viana
  • Juana Rosa Cejas
  • Ignacio Ruiz-Jarabo
  • Salvador Jerez
  • Juan Antonio Martos
  • Almansa Berro Eduardo
  • Juan Miguel Mancera


In the present study, the influence of high stocking density and food deprivation on red porgy (Pagrus pagrus L.) energy metabolism was investigated after 14 and 21 days assessing plasmatic, hepatic, and muscular parameters. Specimens were submitted to four different experimental conditions: (1) fed fish under low stocking density (4 kg m−3, LSD-F); (2) food-deprived fish under low stocking density (LSD-FD); (3) fed fish under high stocking density (50 kg m−3, HSD-F); and (4) food-deprived fish under high stocking density (HSD-FD). At plasmatic level, cortisol concentration enhanced in fish maintained under HSD condition, with higher effect in fed fish, whereas FD condition decreased values of lactate, protein, and triglycerides. In liver, significant increases in triglyceride levels, together with a decrease in glycogen values, were observed in FD specimens. Furthermore, a weak effect of density in fed fish was observed, with decreasing hepatic glycogen. In white muscle, aminoacid and triglyceride values diminished in FD group, while increased in specimens submitted to HSD condition. Our results suggested an enhancement in P. pagrus gluconeogenic and glycogenolytic potential when submitted to HSD and FD conditions to cope reallocation of metabolic energy due to these different stress situations.


Stress Food deprivation High stocking density Metabolism Pagrus pagrus Red porgy 



Fed fish under low stocking density (4 kg m−3)


Food-deprived fish under low stocking density (4 kg m−3)


Fed fish under high stocking density (50 kg m−3)


Food-deprived fish under high stocking density (50 kg m−3)


Fulton’s condition factor.


Hepatosomatic index


Fatsomatic index


Standard error of the mean


Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay


Bicinchoninic acid



This work was supported by grant PTR1995-0933-OP-02-02 from Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (Spain) and PETRIPARGO from the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO, Spain). The authors wish to thank technicians from the culture facilities of the Canary Oceanographic Center (Tenerife) for their help with fish maintenance and sampling.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raúl Laiz-Carrión
    • 1
  • Inês Rosa Viana
    • 3
  • Juana Rosa Cejas
    • 2
  • Ignacio Ruiz-Jarabo
    • 3
  • Salvador Jerez
    • 2
  • Juan Antonio Martos
    • 3
  • Almansa Berro Eduardo
    • 2
  • Juan Miguel Mancera
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto Español de OceanografíaCentro Oceanográfico de MálagaFuengirola, MálagaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Español de OceanografíaCentro Oceanográfico de CanariasSanta Cruz de TenerifeSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y AmbientalesUniversidad de CádizPuerto RealSpain

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