Organic flocculants for the removal of phytoplankton biomass
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The formation of noxious phytoplankton blooms causes deterioration of water quality in aquaculture ponds and reservoirs, but also in swimming pools and aquaria. We have studied the effects of selected cationic polyacrylamides on natural phytoplankton community, which was investigated by a decrease of chlorophyll a content in the water column and photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton floccules. Results indicate that cationic polyacrylamides are able to remove more than 80% of phytoplankton biomass. Moreover, no cell damage or lysis was observed by microscopic observation after flocculation. To our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting the removal of cyanobacterial blooms by organic flocculants. Cationic polyacrylamides are biodegradable organic flocculants with low toxicity to aquatic organisms, and seem to be a prospective tool with a possibility for algal or cyanobacterial bloom management in aquaculture.
KeywordsCyanobacteria Management Polyacrylamides Phytoplankton
The research was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, no. 1M0571 Research Center for Bioindication and Revitalization and the grant no. AVOZ60050516 (Institute of Botany ASCR).
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