Advertisement

Aquaculture International

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 1177–1189 | Cite as

Culture of juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus L.) in submerged cages

  • Gonzalo Perez Benavente
  • Ingebrigt Uglem
  • Ronan Browne
  • Carlos Marino Balsa
Article

Abstract

A bottleneck for re-establishment or enhancement of lobster (Homarus gammarus L.) populations through release of hatchery-produced juveniles is ineffective and expensive juvenile production. In this study, we cultured lobster juveniles from stage V to a size being suitable for re-establishment or enhancement purposes (40–50 mm total length) in cages submerged under existing facilities for culture of bivalves. The lobsters were not feed or tended during the culture period (6–14 months). The survival and growth rates were similar or higher compared to what has been achieved with other methods used for culture of lobster juveniles in the past. The highest survival (82–89%) and fastest growth (4–5 cm total length over 190–250 days) were achieved using commercial oyster baskets. It is believed that the juveniles fed on naturally occurring plankton and organisms growing inside the cages. Thus, the current study shows that it is possible to culture lobster juveniles for reestablishment or enhancement purposes in a way that would involve less investments and operational costs than earlier used methods as there would be no need for artificial heating of water, for large buildings or for continuous feeding and tending of large numbers of juveniles.

Keywords

Homarus gammarus L. Lobster culture Stock enhancement Stock reestablishment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The current study involved technology transfer and collaboration between Norway, Spain and Ireland. Much of the research detailed was undertaken as a part of the InterReg IIIc project Aquareg (www.aquareg.com). We will in particular thank the coordinators of the AquaReg project, Geir Tevassvold, Sigurd Bjørgo, Alan Drum and Gabriel de Labra Chas for practical and organizational help during the project. We would also like to thank the staff at IGAFA for their invaluable help during the course of the study. Furthermore, we are very grateful for the valuable inputs from Brian Beal, Ann-Lisbeth Agnalt, Gro I. van der Meeren, Oliver Tully and John Mercer during the initial phase of the project. For the trials in Ireland, we would like to express our appreciation to all of those that have contributed, in particular Saul Joyce and IGAFA for supplying the baskets used during these trials and the shellfish growers Thomas Connolly, Simon Kennedy and Michael Molloy who kindly and generously facilitated the trials and helped to make this study work. We would also thank the Padstow Lobster Hatchery and Dominic Boothroyd for providing the lobsters for the trials in Ireland.

References

  1. Agnalt A-L, van der Meeren GI, Jørstad KI, Næss H, Farestveit E, Nøstvold E, Korsøen E, Ydstebø L, Svåsand T (1999) Stock enhancement of European lobster (Homarus gammarus); a large scale experiment off southwestern Norway (Kvitsøy). In: Howell B, Moksness E, Svåsand T (eds) Stock enhancement and sea ranching. Blackwell Scientific Press, London, pp 401–419Google Scholar
  2. Agnalt A-L, Kristiansen TS, Joerstad KE (2007) Growth, reproductive cycle, and movement of berried European lobsters (Homarus gammarus) in a local stock off southwestern Norway. ICES J Mar Sci 64:288–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barshaw DE (1989) Growth and survival of postlarval lobsters Homarus americanus on a diet of plankton. Fish Bull 87:366–370Google Scholar
  4. Beal BF, Chapman SR (2001) Methods for mass rearing stages IIV larvae of the American lobster, Homarus americanus H. Milne Edwards, 1837, in static systems. J Shellfish Res 20:337–346Google Scholar
  5. Beal BF, Mercer JP, O’Conghaile A (2002) Survival and growth of hatchery-reared individuals of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus (L.), in field-based nursery cages on the Irish west coast. Aquaculture 210:137–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Browne R (1999) Studies on the European clawed lobster Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus 1758), fisheries practices, resource management, cultivation and stock enhancement techniques with observations on the fishery and larval cultivation of spiny lobster Palinurus elephas (Fabricius 1787). Dissertation, National University of IrelandGoogle Scholar
  7. Browne R, Mercer JP (1998) The European clawed lobster (Homarus gammarus): stock enhancement in the Republic of Ireland. In: Gendron L (ed) Proceedings of a workshop on lobster stock enhancement held in the Magdalen Islands (Quebec) from 29 to 31 Oct 1997. Canadian Industry Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol 244, pp 33–41Google Scholar
  8. Browne RM, Mercer JP, Duncan MJ (2001) An historical overview of the Republic of Ireland’s lobster (Homarus gammarus Linnaeus) fishery, with reference to European and North American (Homarus americanus Milne Edwards) lobster landings. Hydrobiologia 465:49–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Browne R, Perez Benavente G, Uglem I, Marino Balsa JC (2009) An illustrated hatchery guide for the production of clawed lobster (using a green water technique). Aquaculture explained. Number 23—January 2009, shellfish file, Irish Sea Fisheries Board, Galway, Ireland, 34 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Burton CA (1991) Summary of 1990 lobster production, project AR-14, lobster stock enhancement. Sea Fish Industry Authority, Marine Farming Unit, Ardtoe, Scotland, p 5Google Scholar
  11. Burton CA (1992) Techniques of lobster stock enhancement. Sea Fish Industry Authority, Marine Farming Unit, Ardtoe, Scotland, p 36Google Scholar
  12. Figueiro Casas R, Cuña Casabellas MA (1991) A batea como sistema de cultivo. Consellería de Pesca, Marisqueo e Acuicultura. ISBN 84-453-0497-6Google Scholar
  13. Grimsen S, Jaques RN, Erenst V, Balchen JG (1987) Aspects of automation in a lobster farming plant. Model Identif Control 8:61–68Google Scholar
  14. Jørstad KE, Agnalt A-L, Kristiansen TS, Nøstvold E (2001) High survival and growth of European lobster juveniles (Homarus gammarus) reared communally on a natural-bottom substrate. Mar Freshw Res 52:1431–1438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Knudsen H, Tveite S (1999) Survival and growth of juvenile lobster Homarus gammarus L. raised for stock enhancement within in situ cages. Aquac Res 30:421–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kristiansen TS, Drengstig A, Bergheim A, Drengstig T, Kollsgaard I, Svendsen R, Noestvold E, Farestveit E, Aardal L (2004) Development of methods for intensive farming of European lobster in recirculated seawater. Results from experiments conducted at Kvitsoey lobster hatchery from 2000 to 2004. Fisken og Havet. No. 6, 52 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Latrouite D (1998) The French experience with enhancement of European lobster Homarus americanus. In Proceedings of a workshop on lobster stock enhancement held in the Magdalen Islands, 29–31 Oct 1997. Canadian Independent Fisheries Report on Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, vol 244, pp 55–58Google Scholar
  18. Mariño Balsa JC, Graña Pereira MI, Cid González E, Fernández Franco B, Pérez Benavente G (in press) Primer año de suelta esperimental de juveniles de bogavante, Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus, 1758), en Galicia. Foro Ac. Rec. Mar. Rías Gal.Google Scholar
  19. Nicosia F, Lavalli K (1999) Homarid lobster hatcheries: their history and role in research, management, and aquaculture. Mar Fish Rev 61:1–57Google Scholar
  20. Richards PR, Wickins JF (1979) Lobster culture research. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Laboratory Leaflet, vol 47, p 33Google Scholar
  21. Svåsand T, Skilbrei OT, van der Meeren GI, Holm M (1998) Review of morphological and behavioural differences between reared and wild individuals: implications for sea-ranching of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L., and European lobster, Homarus gammarus L. Fish Manag Ecol 5:473–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Uglem I, Holm M, Svåsand T, Korsøen E (1995) Yngelproduksjon av hummer—Sluttrapport. Program for Utvikling og Stimulering av Havbeite, NFR, p 30. ISBN: 82-91625-02-6Google Scholar
  23. Uglem I, Knutsen H, Hansen SH (1998) Culture of juvenile lobsters (Homarus gammarus) in Norway. In: Proceedings of a workshop on lobster stock enhancement held in the Magdalen Islands, 29–31 Oct 1997. Canadian Independent Fisheries Report on Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, vol 244, pp 59–62Google Scholar
  24. Uglem I, Perez Benavente G, Browne RA (2006) A regional development strategy for stock enhancement of clawed lobsters (Homarus gammarus); Development of juvenile lobster production methodologies. NINA report, vol 211, p 39Google Scholar
  25. Van der Meeren GI (2000) Predation on hatchery-reared lobsters released in the wild. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 57:1794–1803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Van Olst JC, Carlberg JM, Ford RF (1976) Effect of substrate type and other factors on the growth, survival and cannibalism of juvenile Homarus americanus in mass rearing systems. Proc World Maricult Soc 6:261–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gonzalo Perez Benavente
    • 1
  • Ingebrigt Uglem
    • 2
  • Ronan Browne
    • 3
  • Carlos Marino Balsa
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto Galego de Formación en AcuiculturaPontevedraSpain
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute of Nature ResearchTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Leitirdeiscirt, Carna, Co.GalwayIreland
  4. 4.Centro de Investigación Mariñas (CIMA)PontevedraSpain

Personalised recommendations