Aquaculture International

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 15–29 | Cite as

Economic contribution of fish culture to farm income in Southeast Vietnam

Article

Abstract

Rural aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms with extensive and semi-intensive husbandry practised by small-scale rural households for their consumption and income. From a field survey in Southeast Vietnam, using enterprise budget analysis and nonparametric tests with indices of change, adoption, and agreement, this study justifies that rural aquaculture is a good option for rural development, making an important contribution to farm income with a high adoption rate among poor farmers. Fish farmers have gained an increased level of satisfaction by means of fish culture production growth along with corresponding economic gains. This enterprise continues to play an increasing important role in their livelihoods and has potential to develop further in the area.

Keywords

Rural aquaculture Fish Income Satisfaction Nonparametric tests 

Abbreviations

AgI

Agreement index

AI

Adoption index

AIT

Asian Institute of Technology

AOP

Aqua Outreach Program

CI

Change index

VND

Vietnamese dong

UAF

University of Agriculture and Forestry (recently Nong Lam University)

US$

United States dollar

References

  1. Bailey C, Skladany M (1991) Aquaculture development in tropical Asia: a re-evaluation. Nat Resour Forum 66–73Google Scholar
  2. Demaine H (1999) Rural aquaculture and poverty alleviation. In: Readings in aquaculture development – AARM. Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand. Retrieved 1 April 2004, from http://www.agri-aqua.ait.ac.th/AQUA/readings//RuralAqua.pdf
  3. Duc NM (2002) Vai tro cua viec phat trien nuoi thuy san qui mo nong ho nho trong xoa doi giam ngheo – Mot nghien cuu tu Chuong Trinh Mo Rong Thuy San o Mien Nam Viet Nam (Contribution of rural aquaculture development to poverty alleviation and livelihood improvement – a case study of Aqua Outreach Program in South Vietnam). J Agric Sci Technol Nong Lam University, Vietnam 2002(1):65–74Google Scholar
  4. Edwards P (2000) Aquaculture, poverty impacts and livelihoods. Nat Resour Perspect 56. London, Overseas Development Institute, 4 pp. http://www.odi.org.uk/nrp/56.html
  5. Edwards P, Demaine H (1997) Rural aquaculture: overview and framework for country review. Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific – FAO, Bangkok, ThailandGoogle Scholar
  6. Edwards P, Demaine H, Innes-Taylor N, Turongruang D (1996) Sustainable aquaculture for small scale farmers: need for a balanced model. Outlook Agric 25(1):19–26Google Scholar
  7. Edwards P, Little DC, Demaine H (2002) Issues in rural aquaculture. In: Edwards P, Little DC, Demaine H (eds) Rural aquaculture. CABI, UK, pp 323–340Google Scholar
  8. FAO, NACA (1997) Survey and analysis of aquaculture development: research priorities and capacities in Asia. FAO, Rome, 263 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Fisheries Information Center (2004) Annual fisheries statistic data. Fisheries Ministry of VietnamGoogle Scholar
  10. Jolly CM, Clonts HA (1993) Economics of aquaculture. Food Products, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Korn M (2000) Reaching the target group in the transfer of aquaculture technology: Ambassador’s visit to AIT AARM Outreach – Vietnam and Cambodia. AARM Newslett 5(1–2):31–33. AIT, Bangkok, Thailand Google Scholar
  12. Luu LT, Trang PV, Cuong NX, Demaine H, Edwards P, Paint J (2002) Promotion of small-scale pond aquaculture in the Red river delta, Vietnam. In: Edwards P, Little DC, Demaine H (eds) Rural aquaculture. CABI, UK, pp 55–75Google Scholar
  13. Nhan DK, Phong LT, Verdegem MJC, Duong LT, Bosma RH, Little DC (2007) Integrated freshwater aquaculture, crop and livestock production in the Mekong delta, Vietnam: determinants and the role of the pond. Agric Syst 94(2):445–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nielsen HB (2000) A review of aquaculture curriculum development at the university of agriculture and forestry. AARM Newslett 5(1–2):12–14. AIT, Bangkok, ThailandGoogle Scholar
  15. Phuong NT, Long DN, Varadi L, Jeney Z, Pekar F (2002) Farmer-managed trials and extension of rural aquaculture in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. In: Edwards P, Little DC, Demaine H (eds) Rural aquaculture. CABI, UK, pp 275–284Google Scholar
  16. Pillay TVR (1990) Aquaculture—principles and practices. Fishing new books. Blackwell Science Ltd, United Kingdom, 575 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Tu NV (1999) Ket qua hop tac nham phat trien nuoi va quan ly nguon loi thuy san giua Khoa Thuy San DHNL va cac dia phuong (Results of the cooperation between the Faculty of Fisheries UAF and Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) to promote fish culture and management of wild fish). J Agric For Sci Nong Lam University, Vietnam 1999(11):131–138Google Scholar
  18. Tu NV, Duc NM (2003) A sustainable livelihoods approach to fisheries development for poverty alleviation in Southeastern Vietnam. Stream J 2(1):11–12Google Scholar
  19. Tu NV, Giang TT (2002) Improving the efficiency of aquaculture extension activitiy in the southeastern provinces of southern Vietnam. In: Edwards P, Little DC, Demaine H (eds) Rural aquaculture. CABI, UK, pp 285–300Google Scholar
  20. Vietnam National Statistic Office (2000) Agricultural statistical data. Statistic Publisher, HanoiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of FisheriesNong Lam UniversityThuduc, Hochiminh CityVietnam

Personalised recommendations