Aquaculture International

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 581–589 | Cite as

Effects of temperature and salinity on oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of juvenile miiuy croaker, Miichthys miiuy (Basilewsky)

  • Zhongming Zheng
  • Chunhua Jin
  • Mingyun Li
  • Peifeng Bai
  • Shuanglin Dong
Article

Abstract

The metabolic responses of the juvenile Miichthys miiuy in terms of oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion to changes in temperature (6–25°C) and salinity (16–31 ppt) were investigated. At a constant salinity of 26 ppt, the oxygen consumption rate (OCR) of the fish increased with an increase in temperature and ranged between 133.38 and 594.96 μg O2 h−1 g−1 DW. The effect of temperature on OCR was significant (P < 0.01). Q10 coefficients were 6.80, 1.41, 1.29 and 2.36 at temperatures of 6–10, 10–15, 15–20 and 20–25°C, respectively, suggesting that the juveniles of M. miiuy will be well adapted to the field temperature in the summer, but not in the winter. The ammonium excretion rates (AER) of the fish were also affected significantly by temperature (P < 0.01). The O:N ratio at temperatures of 6, 10, 15 and 20°C ranged from 13.12 to 20.91, which was indicative of a protein-dominated metabolism, whereas the O:N at a temperature of 25°C was 51.37, suggesting that protein-lipids were used as an energy substrate. At a constant temperature of 15°C, the OCRs of the fish ranged between 334.14 (at 31 ppt) and 409.68 (at 16 ppt) μg O2 h−1 g−1 DW. No significant differences were observed in the OCR and AER of the juveniles between salinities of 26 and 31 ppt (P > 0.05). The OCR and AER at 16 ppt were, however, significantly higher than those at 26 and 31 ppt (P < 0.05), indicating salinity lower than 16 ppt is presumably stressful to M. miiuy juveniles.

Keywords

Sciaenidae Nitrogenous excretion Metabolic rate Temperature Salinity Q10 

References

  1. Aristizabal-Abud EO (1992) Effects of salinity and weight on routine metabolism in the juvenile croaker, Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest 1823). J Fish Biol 40:471–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bayne B, Widdows J (1978) The physiological ecology of two populations of Mytilus edulis L. Oecologia 37:137–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brett JR (1964) The respiratory metabolism and swimming performance of young sockeye salmon. J Fish Res Board Can 21:1183–1226Google Scholar
  4. Brett JR (1979) Environmental factors and growth. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ, Brett JR (eds) Fish physiology, vol VIII. Academic Press, New York, pp 599–675Google Scholar
  5. Brett JR, Groves TTD (1979) Physiological energetics. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ, Brett JR (eds) Fish physiology, vol VIII. Academic Press, New York, pp 280–352Google Scholar
  6. Burel C, Ruyet PL, Gaumet F, Roux AL, Severe A, Boeuf G (1996) Effects of temperature on growth and metabolism in juvenile turbot. J Fish Biol 49:678–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen SB, Fan ZT, Chen WX (2006) The relationship of respiratory rate and oxygen consumption rate in common carp (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) under different temperatures. Chin J Northeast Agric Univ 373:352–356 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  8. Claireaux G, Lagardère JP (1999) Influence of temperature, oxygen and salinity on the metabolism of the European sea bass. Neth J Sea Res 32:135–152Google Scholar
  9. Cook JT, Sutterlin AM, McNiven MA (2000) Effect of food deprivation on oxygen consumption and body composition of growth-enhanced transgenic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 188:47–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cui Y, Wootton RJ (1988) Effects of ration, temperature and body size on the body composition and energy content of the minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus (L.). J Fish Biol 32:749–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Das T, Pal AK, Chakraborty SK, Manush SM Chatterjee N, Mukherjee SC (2004) Thermal tolerance and oxygen consumption of Indian Major Carps acclimated to four different temperatures. J Therm Biol 23:157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Das T, Pal AK, Chakraborty SK, Manush SM, Sahu NP, Mukherjee SC (2005) Thermal tolerance, growth and oxygen consumption of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822) acclimated to four temperatures. J Therm Biol 30:378–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Degani D, Gallagher ML, Meltzer A (1989) The influence of body size and temperature on oxygen consumption of the European eel Anguilla anguilla. J Fish Biol 34:19–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ding Y, Li J (2000) A preliminary study on the oxygen consumption of fry of flat bream Rhabdosargus sarb (Forskal). Chin J Zhanjiang Ocean Univ 20:8–12 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  15. Foster RP, Goldstein L (1969) Formation of excretory products. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ (eds) Fish physiology, vol 1. Academic Press, New York, pp 313–350Google Scholar
  16. Gracia-López V, Rosas-Vázquez C, Brito-Pérez R (2006) Effects of salinity on physiological conditions in juvenile common snook Centropomus undecimalis. Comp Biochem Physiol A 145:340–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hong WS, Zhang QY (2003) Review of captive bred species and fry production of marine fish in China. Aquaculture 227:305–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Iwama GK, Takemura A, Takano K (1997) Oxygen consumption rates of tilapia in fresh water, sea water, and hypersaline sea water. J Fish Biol 51:886–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kita J, Tsuchida S, Setoguma T (1996) Temperature preference and tolerance and oxygen consumption of the marbled rock-fish, Sebastiscus marmoratus. Mar Biol 125:467–471Google Scholar
  20. Kim WS, Yoon SJ, Kim JM, Gil JW, Lee TW (2005) Effects of temperature changes on the endogenous rhythm of oxygen consumption in the Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Fish Sci 71:471–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Koroleff F (1983) Determination of ammonia. In: Grasshoff K, Ehrhardt M, Kremling K (eds) Methods of seawater analysis, 2nd edn. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim, pp 150–157Google Scholar
  22. Kutty MN (1968) Respiratory quotient in gold fish and rainbow trout. J Fish Res Board Can 25:2689–2728Google Scholar
  23. Kutty MN (1981) Energy metabolism in mullet. In: Oren OH (ed) Aquaculture of grey mullets. Cambridge University Press, London, pp 219–253Google Scholar
  24. Lao B (2004) Biology and breeding technology of Miichthys miiuy. Chin J Mod Fish 6:11–13 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Li MY, Zheng ZM, Zhu JQ (2005) Bloodstock culture and artificial propagation of Miichthys miiuy (Basilewsky). J Fish Sci China 24:32–34 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  26. Manush SM, Pal AK, Chatterjee N, Das T, Mukherjee SC (2004) Thermal tolerance and oxygen consumption of Macrobrachium rosenbergii acclimated to three temperatures. J Therm Biol 29:15–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mayzaud P, Conover RJ (1988) O:N atomic ratio as a tool to describe zooplankton metabolism. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 45:289–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Morgan JD, Iwama GK (1991) Effects of salinity on growth, metabolism, and ionic regulation in juvenile rainbow trout and steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 48:2083–2094Google Scholar
  29. Moser ML, Hettler WF (1989) Routine metabolism of juvenile spot, Leiostomus xanthurus (Lacépède) as a function of temperature, salinity and weight. J Fish Biol 35:703–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nordlie FG (1978) The influence of environmental salinity on respiratory oxygen demands in the euryhaline teleost, Ambassis interrupta Bleeker. Comp Biochem Physiol A 59:271–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rao GMM (1968) Oxygen consumption of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) in relation to activity and salinity. Can J Zool 46:781–786PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rocha AJS, Gomes V, Phan VN, Passos MJACR, Furia RR (2005) Metabolic demand and growth of juveniles of Centropomus parallelus as function of salinity. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 316:157–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schmidt-Nielsen K (1997) Animal physiology: adaptation and environment, 5th edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 217–293Google Scholar
  34. Shi G, Chen G, Li Z (2006) Study on oxygen consumption of juvenile Lates calcarifer. Chin J Inland Aquat Prod 6:22–24 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  35. Valverde JC, López FJM, García BGG (2006) Oxygen consumption and ventilatory frequency responses to gradual hypoxia in common dentex (Dentex dentex): basis for suitable oxygen level estimations. Aquaculture 256:542–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Via JD, Villani P, Gasteiger E, Niederstätter H (1998) Oxygen consumption in sea bass fingerling Dicentrarchus labrax exposed to acute salinity and temperature changes: metabolic basis for maximum stocking density estimations. Aquaculture 169:303–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Widdows J (1978) Physiological indices of stress in Mytilus edulis. J Mar Biol Ass UK 58:125–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wright PA, Part P, Wood CM (1995) Ammonia and urea excretion in the tidepool sculpin (Oligocottus maculosus): sites of excretion, effects of reduced salinity and mechanisms of urea transport. Fish Physiol Biochem 14(2):111–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhang SQ, Zhang MZ, Li JQ Zheng CB (1997) Oxygen consumption and nitrogen excretion of Paralichthys olivaceus with different body weights at different water temperatures. J Ocean Univ China 27:483–489 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  40. Zheng Y, Zhu H, Luo Y (2000) Assessment on the situation of water quality at Xiangshan Bay. Chin J Mar Environ Sci 19:56–59 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongming Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chunhua Jin
    • 2
  • Mingyun Li
    • 2
  • Peifeng Bai
    • 2
  • Shuanglin Dong
    • 1
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Fisheries CollegeOcean University of ChinaQingdaoP.R. China
  2. 2.Faculty of Life Science and BioengineeringNingbo UniversityNingboP.R. China

Personalised recommendations