Aquaculture International

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 363–370 | Cite as

Economic returns of disease-affected extensive shrimp farming in southwest Bangladesh

  • S. M. Nazmul Alam
  • Bob Pokrant
  • Amararatne Yakupitiyage
  • Michael J. Phillips
Original Paper


One hundred and two brackish water shrimp farms in Shyamnagar Upazila of Satkhira District, Bangladesh, were surveyed to study their costs and returns. Key data were collected, using a questionnaire survey from January to August 2002. Profitability of operations was affected by fluctuating yields and prices due to diseases, and generated economic risk. The average total cost of production per hectare was 63,437.57 Bangladeshi taka (tk) (US$1,084.40/ha). The farmers achieved a variable yield of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon), ranging from 7.48 kg/ha to 455.03 kg/ha, with a mean yield of 146.39 kg/ha, through multi-stock and multi-harvest methods. The gross and net incomes per hectare were tk49,999.87 (US$854.69) and tk40,307.04 (US$689.01), respectively. Of the total biomass, 44% came from P. monodon, while the rest (23% and 33%) came from other shrimp and finfish respectively. The return to total cost of P. monodon was a negative profit (tk0.78).


Biomass Disease Economic return Negative profit Shrimp Yield 


  1. Alam SMN (2002) Shrimp based farming systems in south-western coastal zone of Bangladesh. Master degree thesis (AQ 02-20). Integrated tropical coastal zone management. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, p 102Google Scholar
  2. Alam SMN, Phillips MJ, Lin CK (2003) Shrimp harvesting technology on the southwest coast of Bangladesh. Aquaculture Asia VIII(3):29–30Google Scholar
  3. Caritas (1997) Ownership and participation in shrimp culture under Third Fisheries Project (Shrimp component), 2-Outer Circular Road, Shantibagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p 56Google Scholar
  4. Chowdhury MBR, Muniruzzaman M (2003) Shrimp disease and its consequences on the coastal shrimp farming in Bangladesh. In: Wahab MA (ed) Environmental and socio-economic impacts of shrimp farming in Bangladesh. Technical proceeding. BAU-NORAD Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp 39–48Google Scholar
  5. Department of Fisheries (DOF) (2001) The dynamics and diversity of the shrimp farming in Bangladesh. shrimp sector technical review. Draft Final Report, Fourth Fisheries Project, Department of Fisheries, Ramna, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p 63Google Scholar
  6. Department of Fisheries (DOF) (2002) National fish fortnight publication 2002. Department of fisheries. Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1997) Disease prevention and health management of coastal shrimp culture. TCP/BGD/6714, Field document 1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok, ThailandGoogle Scholar
  8. Hoq ME, Majid MA, Halder GC (1995) Socio-economic impact and constraints of shrimp culture in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute Technical Reports 11, Mymenshingh, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  9. Hossain MS, Lin CK (2001) Land use zoning for integrated coastal zone management: remote sensing, GIS and RRA approach in Cox’s Bazar Coast, Bangladesh. ITCZM Publication Series No 3. Integrated Tropical Coastal Zone Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand, p 25Google Scholar
  10. Islam MS (1999) Social and institutional aspects of shrimp-rice farming in Bangladesh. Paper presented in the workshop on Economic, social and environmental implications of shrimp-rice integrated farming system in Bangladesh. Dhaka, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  11. Ling BH, Leung PS, Shang YC (2001) Comparative Asian shrimp farming: the domestic resource cost (DRC) approach. In: Leung PS, Sharma KR (eds) Economics and management of shrimp and carp farming in Asia: a collection of research papers based on the ADB/NACA Farm Performance Survey. Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, pp 13–20Google Scholar
  12. Rahman A, Islam MA, Roy I, Azad L et al (1994) Shrimp culture and the environment in the coastal region. Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. E-17, Agargaon, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, GPO Box 3854, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p 124Google Scholar
  13. Shah WA, Phillips MJ, Kamal S, Jahan I et al (2000) The economics of bagda shrimp (Penaeus monodon) farming in coastal areas of Bangladesh. In: Sen S (ed) Grassroots voice Volume-III. Bangladesh Resource Centre for indigenous knowledge. Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp 10–15Google Scholar
  14. Shang YC (1990) Aquaculture economic analysis: an introduction. World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USAGoogle Scholar
  15. WB/NACA/WWF/FAO (2002) Shrimp farming and the environment. A World Bank, NACA, WWF, FAO consortium program to analyze and share experiences on the better management of shrimp aquaculture in coastal areas. The World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Nazmul Alam
    • 1
  • Bob Pokrant
    • 1
  • Amararatne Yakupitiyage
    • 2
  • Michael J. Phillips
    • 3
  1. 1.South Asia Research Unit, Faculty of Media, Society and CultureCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Aquaculture and Aquatic Resources Management, School of Environment, Resources and DevelopmentAsian Institute of TechnologyKlong LuangThailand
  3. 3.Network of Aquaculture Centre in Asia-PacificKasetsart University CampusBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations