Aquaculture International

, Volume 15, Issue 3–4, pp 227–233 | Cite as

Multifunctional pond fish farms in Hungary

Original Paper


At the beginning of early 1990s the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the European Union (EU) Commission effectively focused on multifunctionality, while in Hungary this term has only been highlighted in the last few years. As a consequence of the changes in Hungary in the last 15 years pond fish farms have had to explore their potential to find out how they can diversify their activities in order to be able to produce various fish products and to provide services for which there is demand from the market and the society. The application of the multifunctional approach has proved to be a realistic option for many fish farms for their survival and sustainable development. This paper demonstrates some examples of multifunctional fish farms, which clearly shows the business opportunities lying in the diversification of farm activities.


Pond Fish farms Multifunctionality 


  1. De Vries B (2000) Multifunctional agriculture in the international context: a review, Online. Accessed on 8 on July.
  2. OECD (1998) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Meeting of the Committee Meeting of the Committee for Agriculture at Ministerial Level Communiqué, 5–6 March 1998. Online. Accessed on 20 on June.
  3. Swinbank A (2001) “Multifunctionality: a European euphemism for protection?” Presented at the FWAG Conference: Multifunctional Agriculture—A European Model, Stoneleigh, UK, November 29, 2001. Online. Accessed on 20 on June.
  4. UNCED (1992) United Nation Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Rio de Janeiro, 3–14 June 1992. Online. Accessed on 5 on July.
  5. MVH (2004) Bureau of Agricultural and Rural Development 66/2004. (X. 15.) MVH Official statements about application of the Agri-environmental management support. Online. Accessed on 15 on July.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and IrrigationSzarvasHungary

Personalised recommendations