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Aquatic Geochemistry

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 77–94 | Cite as

Impact of a Fluorine-Rich Granite Intrusion on Levels and Distribution of Fluoride in a Small Boreal Catchment

  • T. Berger
  • P. Peltola
  • H. Drake
  • M. Åström
Original Paper

Abstract

This paper explores the influence of a fluorine-rich granite on fluoride concentration in a small boreal catchment in northern Europe. The materials include stream water and shallow groundwater sampled in spatial and temporal dimensions, and analytical data on fluoride and a number of ancillary variables. Fluoride increased strongly towards the lower reaches of the catchment—at the stream outlet the concentrations were up to 4.2 mg L−1 and 1.6–4.7 times higher than upstream. Additionally, fluoride concentrations were particularly high in groundwater and small surface-water bodies (including quarries) above or in direct contact with the granite and showed a strong inverse correlation with water discharge in the stream. Taken together, these data and patterns pin-point the granite intrusion as the ultimate source, explaining the abundance and distribution of dissolved fluoride within the catchment. The granite most likely deliver fluoride to the stream by three mechanisms: (1) weathering of the fine fraction of glacial deposits, derived from the granite and associated fluorine-rich greisen alterations, (2) large relative input of baseflow, partially originating in the granite and greisen, into the lower reaches during low flow in particular, and (3) water-conducting fractures or fracture zones running through the fluorine-rich granite and greisen.

Keywords

Fluoride Hydrogeochemistry Boreal environment Surface water Shallow groundwater Anorogenic granite 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Nova-FoU, based in the city of Oskarshamn, was kind and generous in providing us with opportunities to utilise existing data owned by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Natural SciencesLinnaeus UniversityKalmarSweden

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