, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 1019–1026 | Cite as

β-Arrestin prevents cell apoptosis through pro-apoptotic ERK1/2 and p38 MAPKs and anti-apoptotic Akt pathways

Original Paper


Our previous studies have shown that β-arrestin 2 plays an anti-apoptotic effect. However, the mechanisms by which β-arrestin contribute to anti-apoptotic role remain unclear. In this study, we show that a deficiency of either β-arrestin 1 or β-arrestin 2 significantly increases serum deprivation (SD)-induced percentage of apoptotic cells. β-arrestin 2 deficient-induced apoptosis was inhibited by transfection with β-arrestin 2 full-length plasmid, revealing that SD-induced apoptosis is dependent on β-arrestin 2. Furthermore, in the absence of either β-arrestin 1 or β-arrestin 2 significantly enhances SD-induced the level of pro-apoptotic proteins, including cleaved caspase-3, extracellular-signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and p38, members of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). In addition, a deficiency of either β-arrestin 1 or β-arrestin 2 inhibits phosphorylation of Akt. The SD-induced changes in cleaved caspase-3, ERK1/2 and p38 MAPKs, Akt, and apoptotic cell numbers could be blocked by double knockout of β-arrestin 1/2. Our study thus demonstrates that β-arrestin inhibits cell apoptosis through pro-apoptotic ERK1/2 and p38 MAPKs and anti-apoptotic Akt signaling pathways.


β-Arrestin Caspase-3 ERK1/2 p38 Akt Apoptosis 





Double knockout


Serum deprivation


Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin dUTP nick end labeling


Extracellular-signal regulated kinase 1/2


Mitogen-activated protein kinases


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaohua Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gengyin Zhou
    • 3
  • Tao Ren
    • 4
  • Hui Li
    • 2
  • Yanjun Zhang
    • 5
  • Deling Yin
    • 2
  • Haixin Qian
    • 1
  • Qinchuan Li
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryThe First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine, College of MedicineEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of PathologyShandong University School of MedicineJinanChina
  4. 4.Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic SurgeryShanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  5. 5.Institute of Developmental Biology, School of Life ScienceShandong UniversityJinanChina

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