, Volume 14, Issue 10, pp 1245–1254 | Cite as

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate enhances ischemia/reperfusion-induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells via AKT and MAPK pathways

  • Tianpeng Zhang
  • Dan Yang
  • Yongna Fan
  • Ping Xie
  • Huihua Li
Original Paper


Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major constituent of green tea, has been shown to promote apoptosis in cancer cells. However, the role of EGCG in endothelial cells following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms by which EGCG enhances I/R-induced cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Our results showed that EGCG treatment caused cell proliferation inhibition during I/R injury, and this effect was associated with increased p27 and p21 levels and reduced cyclin D1 level. Moreover, treatment of cells with EGCG resulted in increase of caspase-3 and Bax and decrease of Bcl-2, enhancing I/R-induced apoptosis. Interestingly, EGCG decreased I/R-induced phosphorylation of AKT and its downstream substrates Foxo1 and Foxo3a and ERK1/2. In contrast, EGCG increased JNK1/2 and c-Jun phosphorylation. Furthermore, both wortamannin (PI3K inhibitor) and U0126 (MEK1/2 inhibitor) markedly enhanced EGCG-induced apoptosis during I/R, whereas SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) attenuated the action of EGCG. Taken together, our study for the first time suggest that EGCG is able to enhance growth arrest and apoptosis of HUVECs during I/R injury, at least in part, through inhibition of AKT and ERK1/2 and activation of JNK1/2 signaling pathways.


Epigallocatechin-3-gallate Ischemia-reperfusion Human umbilical vein endothelial cells Apoptosis AKT Mitogen-activated protein kinases 



This work was supported by grants from China Natural Science Foundation (H. L., 2006CB910306) and the 111 project (H. L., B08007).


The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tianpeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Dan Yang
    • 1
  • Yongna Fan
    • 1
  • Ping Xie
    • 1
  • Huihua Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and National Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical SciencesChinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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