Advertisement

Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

, Volume 102, Issue 2, pp 345–353 | Cite as

Orifice Jet Control Using Sub-Flows Issuing from Circular and Non-Circular Openings

  • Mizuki KitoEmail author
  • Takahiro Fujimatsu
  • Kunikazu Kondo
Article

Abstract

Nozzle shapes offer the possibility of a passive control technique to provide high mixing and heat transfer rates. Thus, a number of investigations have been carried out to elucidate the influence of nozzle configuration including noncircular orifices on the flow and heat transfer characteristics. This paper demonstrates the effects of sub-flows issuing from different shaped openings on main orifice air jet flow characteristics. Mean velocity measurements by a constant temperature hot-wire anemometer are carried out at a Reynolds number of Re = 2.2 × 104 to investigate the flow characteristics of orifice jets with sub-flows. The effects of the opening shape on the main orifice flow are also demonstrated by flow visualization. It is shown that the potential core lengths and mixing characteristics with ambient fluids of orifice jet flows can be controlled by the sub-flows.

Keywords

Free jet Non-circular sub-flows Nozzle 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Mi, J., Nathan, G.J.: Statistical properties of turbulent free jets issuing from nine differently-shaped nozzles. Flow Turbul. Combust. 84(4), 583–606 (2010)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Miller, R.S., Madina, C.K., Givi, P.: Numerical simulation of non-circular jets. Comput. Fluids 24(1), 1–25 (1995)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gutmark, E.J., Grinstein, F.F.: Flow control with noncircular jets. Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech AR075-07 (1998)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mi, J., Nathan, G.J., Nobes, D.S.: Mixing characteristics of axisymmetric free jets from contoured nozzle, an orifice plate and a pipe, ASME123, pp. 878–883 (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quinn, W.R.: Upstream nozzle shaping effects on near field flow in round turbulent free jets. Eur. J. Mech. B Fluid 25, 279–301 (2006)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shakouchi, T., Kito, M., Sakamoto, T., Tsujimoto, K., Ando, T.: Flow analysis of orifice free jet (Effects of contraction ratio), vol. 74-737B (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu, M.Y., Zhang, J.P., Mi, J.C., Nathan, G.J.: Kaltpam.: PIV measurements of turbulent jets issuing from triangular and circular orifice plates. Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 56(5), 1176–1186 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mizuki Kito
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takahiro Fujimatsu
    • 1
  • Kunikazu Kondo
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Technology, Suzuka CollegeMechanical EngineeringSuzukaJapan

Personalised recommendations