3D-CT(Computer Tomography) Measurement of an Instantaneous Density Distribution of Turbulent Flames with a Multi-Directional Quantitative Schlieren Camera (Reconstructions of High-Speed Premixed Burner Flames with Different Flow Velocities)
In order to provide a suitable technique for 3D observation of high speed turbulent flames, non-scanning 3D-CT(Computer Tomography) technique using a multi-directional quantitative schlieren system with flash light source, is proposed for instantaneous density distribution of unsteady premixed flames. This “schlieren 3D-CT” is based on (i)simultaneous acquisition of flash-light schlieren images taken from numerous directions, and (ii) 3D-CT reconstruction of the images by an appropriate CT algorithm. In this paper, first, as a preliminary research, 3D-CT reconstruction of non-axisymmetric steady flame is made with a single-directional quantitative schlieren system. Next, with custom-made 20 directional schlieren camera, instantaneous density distributions of a high-speed turbulent flames of nozzle exit velocities of 8.0 and 10.0 m/s has been CT-reconstructed. The 3D-views of the reconstructed flame front shape clearly give the information of the flame structure with fine scale corrugations. Based on the distributions, area-enlargement rates of the flame front area are derived, and investigated.
KeywordsSchlieren observation Computer tomography Turbulent flame 3D measurement Premixed flame
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