Mixing Modelling Framework Based on Multiple Mapping Conditioning for the Prediction of Turbulent Flame Extinction
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A stochastic implementation of the Multiple Mapping Conditioning (MMC) approach has been applied to a turbulent piloted jet diffusion flame (Sandia flame F) that is close to extinction. Two classic mixing models (Curl’s and IEM) are introduced in the MMC context to model the turbulent mixing. The suggested model involves the use of a reference space (that is mapped to mixture fraction space) in order to define particle proximity. The addition of the MMC ideas to the IEM and Curl’s models, that is suggested in the current work, aspires to combine the simplicity of these two models with the enforced compositional locality without violating the linearity and independence principles. The formulation of the approach is discussed in detail and results are presented for the mixing field and reactive species. The predictions are compared with joint-scalar PDF simulations using the same mixing models and experimental data. Moreover, the sensitivity of the model to the particle number is examined. It is shown that MMC is less sensitive to the number of particles and can generally produce improved predictions of major and minor chemically reacting species with a lower number of particles.
KeywordsMultiple mapping conditioning Mixing models Probability density function approach Sandia flame F
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