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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 399–407 | Cite as

Amblyomma ticks infesting amphibians and Squamata reptiles from the lower Amazon region, Brazil

  • Allana Cavalcante Torres
  • Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino
  • Alfredo Pedroso Santos Júnior
  • Cristiane Sarturi
  • Thiago Fernandes Martins
  • Willian Gomes Vale
  • Adriana Caroprezo Morini
  • Arlei Marcili
  • Juliana Machado Portela
  • Solange Maria Gennari
Article

Abstract

Amphibians and Squamata reptiles belonging to a zoological collection were screened for ectoparasites, which were removed from the hosts and identified using morphological keys. Descriptive statistics and analysis of the association between the parasite and host characteristics (taxonomic group, capture location and habitat) were done. Among the 1256 animals examined (319 amphibians and 937 reptiles), 86 individuals were parasitized, corresponding to a frequency of 6.9% (6.6% reptiles and 7.5% amphibians). Ticks in the adult and nymph stages were identified to the species level; all of them belonged to the species Amblyomma dissimile. The larvae were identified to the genus level and were all Amblyomma sp. In total 69 larvae, 28 nymphs and eight adults were found. The most parasitized species was the frog Rhinella major: 24 parasitized animals of 65 examined (36.9%). There was a difference (P < 0.001) between parasitism by ticks of the genus Amblyomma with regard to the habitat of capture of the parasitized animal, with a higher parasitism rate in hosts that inhabited open areas as compared to animals ensconced in forest areas and edges of forests. New tick-host associations are given.

Keywords

Tick Amblyomma dissimile Ectoparasites Hosts 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the CNPq for research productivity fellowship granted to Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino, Solange Maria Gennari and Arlei Marcili. The authors are grateful to Dr. Marcelo Bahia Labruna for his support during this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics approval

This study was approved by the Animal Use Committee from the Federal University of Western Pará (Authorization #01004/2016). Wild animals were collected with the approval from the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Authorization #24072-1).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary Figure 2 (PNG 3532 kb)
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Supplementary Figure 3 (PNG 3084 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allana Cavalcante Torres
    • 1
  • Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino
    • 1
  • Alfredo Pedroso Santos Júnior
    • 1
  • Cristiane Sarturi
    • 1
  • Thiago Fernandes Martins
    • 2
  • Willian Gomes Vale
    • 2
  • Adriana Caroprezo Morini
    • 1
  • Arlei Marcili
    • 1
    • 3
  • Juliana Machado Portela
    • 1
  • Solange Maria Gennari
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Universidade Federal do Oeste do ParáSantarémBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e ZootecniaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade de Santo AmaroSao PauloBrazil

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