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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 419–427 | Cite as

Efficacy of plants extracts from the Cerrado against adult female of Dermacentor nitens (Acari: Ixodidae)

  • V. O. Vasconcelos
  • E. G. L. Costa
  • V. R. Moreira
  • F. Morais-Costa
  • E. R. Duarte
Article

Abstract

Dermacentor nitens tick is commonly found in the equine auditory canal, where it causes economic losses due to its direct damage, causing blood spoliation, stress, transmission of pathogens, and predisposition to myasis and secondary bacterial infection in its hosts. In this study we evaluated the effect of ethanolic extracts of Cerrado plants on biological parameters of engorged females of D. nitens. Ethanolic extracts were prepared from the leaves of Schinopsis brasiliensis, Piptadenia viridiflora, Ximenia americana, and Serjania lethalis at 25–150 mg mL−1. Groups of 10 engorged adult females were treated with these extracts and compared with a control containing distilled water and another control with organophosphate, using five replicates for each group. Compared with the control with water, S. lethalis and X. americana extracts at 100 and 150 mg mL−1 significantly inhibited the posture ability. Differently, extracts of S. brasiliensis and P. viridiflora were the most effective in inhibiting larval hatching. Extracts of X. americana and P. viridiflora showed effective inhibition of reproductive parameters of the tick, presenting dose-dependent effect with IC90 78.86 and 78.94 mg mL−1, respectively. Theses effective extracts contained low condensed tannin levels and their HPLC chromatograms revealed the presence of flavonoids. The efficacies of P. viridiflora and X. americana extracts were higher than 90% indicating that these extracts are promising as alternative agents for D. nitens control.

Keywords

Alternative control Equine Immersion test Natural acaricide 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), and the Foundation for Research Support of Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript have no financial or personal relationship with individuals or organizations that could influence or bias the content of the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. O. Vasconcelos
    • 1
  • E. G. L. Costa
    • 2
  • V. R. Moreira
    • 3
  • F. Morais-Costa
    • 3
  • E. R. Duarte
    • 3
  1. 1.Universidade Estadual de Montes ClarosMontes ClarosBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da BahiaItapetingaBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciências AgráriasUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisMontes ClarosBrazil

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