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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 289–296 | Cite as

Potential of astigmatid mites (Acari: Astigmatina) as prey for rearing edaphic predatory mites of the families Laelapidae and Rhodacaridae (Acari: Mesostigmata)

  • Marina F. C. BarbosaEmail author
  • Gilberto J. de Moraes
Article
  • 293 Downloads

Abstract

Laelapidae and Rhodacaridae are important families of edaphic predatory mites and species of these families have been considered for use in biological control programs of soil pests. Mites of Cohort Astigmatina (Acari: Sarcoptiformes) have been largely used as factitious prey in the mass rearing of various edaphic or plant-inhabiting predatory mites. Stratiolaelaps scimitus (Womersley) (Mesostigmata: Laelapidae) (widely commercialized for the control of fungus gnats and thrips) and Protogamasellopsis zaheri Abo-Shnaf, Castilho and Moraes (Mesostigmata: Rhodacaridae) (not available commercially but promising for the control of thrips and nematodes) are known to be reared on Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (Astigmatina: Acaridae), but the possibility to find a perhaps more efficient prey has not been evaluated. The objective of this paper was to evaluate different astigmatid species as prey for these predators. S. scimitus and P. zaheri oviposited on all evaluated astigmatids and the acarid mites T. putrescentiae and Aleuroglyphus ovatus (Tropeau) were the most suitable prey; to confirm the effect of prey on oviposition rates, pregnant females of the predators were kept under starvation conditions and oviposition was negligible or null. Survivorship was always higher than 78 % and was not influenced by prey species or starvation.

Keywords

Augmentative biological control Mass rearing Astigmatina Laelapidae Rhodacaridae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Brazilian “Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior” (CAPES) and “Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico” (CNPq).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina F. C. Barbosa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gilberto J. de Moraes
    • 1
  1. 1.Depto. Entomologia e AcarologiaESALQ-USPPiracicabaBrazil

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