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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 467–475 | Cite as

Deltamethrin resistance in field populations of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • R. R. Ahanger
  • R. Godara
  • R. Katoch
  • A. Yadav
  • A. D. S. Bhutyal
  • M. Katoch
  • N. K. Singh
  • M. A. Bader
Article

Abstract

Detection of resistance levels against deltamethrin in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus collected from six districts of Jammu and Kashmir (India) was carried out using the adult immersion test. The regression graphs of probit mortality of ticks plotted against log values of concentration of drug were utilised for the determination of slope of mortality, lethal concentration for 50 % (LC50), 95 % (LC95) and resistance factor (RF). On the basis of the data generated on mortality, egg mass weight, reproductive index and percentage inhibition of oviposition, the resistance level was categorised as I, II, III and IV. Out of these six districts, resistance to deltamethrin at level I was detected in one district (RF = 1.9), at level II in two districts (RF = 7.08–10.07) and at level IV in three districts (RF = 96.08–288.72). The data generated on deltamethrin resistance status will help in formulating tick control strategy in the region.

Keywords

Deltamethrin Resistance Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support was provided by Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) number AUJ/DR/14-15/F-420/7888-7903.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. R. Ahanger
    • 1
  • R. Godara
    • 1
  • R. Katoch
    • 1
  • A. Yadav
    • 1
  • A. D. S. Bhutyal
    • 1
  • M. Katoch
    • 3
  • N. K. Singh
    • 4
  • M. A. Bader
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal HusbandrySher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyR.S. Pura, JammuIndia
  2. 2.Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal HusbandrySher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyR.S. Pura, JammuIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR)JammuIndia
  4. 4.Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary ScienceGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

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