Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 375–385 | Cite as

Forest classes and tree cover gradient: tick habitat in encroached areas of southern Norway

  • S. O. Vanwambeke
  • J. Van doninck
  • J. Artois
  • R. K. Davidson
  • P. Meyfroidt
  • S. Jore
Article

Abstract

Forest, in particular deciduous forest, is a key element in determining areas with a high probability of tick presence. The way forest is generally monitored may be ill suited to some landscapes where Ixodes ricinus is found, as forest is usually characterised using crisp land cover classes. However, tree vegetation can be found outside of forests and continuous gradations of tree density can be found in a variety of landscapes. In this paper we investigate the probability of tick presence in southern Norway using landscape description based both on land cover classes and continuous data describing the tree cover fraction. Both perspectives on the landscape are significant in the logistic model, indicating that the usual approach based solely on land cover classes may not be comprehensive enough in capturing tick habitat, and characterising the landscape with variables focused on single specific elements may be insufficient.

Keywords

Ixodes ricinus Forest land cover Landscape structure Forest gradient 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. O. Vanwambeke
    • 1
  • J. Van doninck
    • 1
  • J. Artois
    • 1
  • R. K. Davidson
    • 2
    • 3
  • P. Meyfroidt
    • 1
    • 4
  • S. Jore
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Georges Lemaître Center for Earth and Climate Research, Earth and Life InstituteUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvainBelgium
  2. 2.Norwegian Veterinary InstituteOsloNorway
  3. 3.Norwegian Defence Research EstablishmentKjellerNorway
  4. 4.F.R.S.-FNRSBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.Department of Infectious Disease EpidemiologyNorwegian Public Health InstituteOsloNorway

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