Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 68, Issue 4, pp 485–495 | Cite as

Acaricidal activity of Asarum heterotropoides root-derived compounds and hydrodistillate constitutes toward Dermanyssus gallinae (Mesostigmata: Dermanyssidae)

  • Jun-Ran Kim
  • Haribalan Perumalsamy
  • Ju-Hee Lee
  • Young-Joon Ahn
  • Young Su Lee
  • Sang-Guie Lee


The acaricidal activity of Asarum heterotropoides root-derived principles, methyleugenol, safrole, 3-carene, α-asarone, pentadecane and A. heterotropoides root steam distillate constituents was tested against poultry red mites Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer). All active principles were identified by spectroscopic analysis. Results were compared with those of two conventional acaricides, benzyl benzoate and N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET). Methyleugenol (24 h LC50 = 0.57 µg/cm2) and safrole (24 h LC50 = 8.54 µg/cm2) were the most toxic compounds toward D. gallinae, followed by 3,4,5-trimethoxytoluene, 3,5-dimethoxytoluene, estragole, α-terpineol, verbenone, eucarvone, linalool, and terpinen-4-ol (LC50 = 15.65–27.88 µg/cm2). Methyleugenol was 16.7× and 11.0× more toxic than benzyl benzoate (LC50 = 9.52 μg/cm2) and DEET (LC50 = 6.28 μg/cm2), respectively; safrole was 1.1× and 0.73× more toxic. Asarum heterotropoides root-derived materials, particularly methyleugenol and safrole, merit further study as potential acaricides. Global efforts to reduce the level of highly toxic synthetic acaricides in indoor environments justify further studies on A. heterotropoides root extract and steam distillate preparations containing the active constituents described as potential contact-action fumigants for the control of mites.


Asarum heterotropoides Dermanyssus gallinae Botanical acaricide Poultry red mites Methyleugenol 



This study was carried out with the support of “Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development (Project No. PJ010821)”, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun-Ran Kim
    • 3
  • Haribalan Perumalsamy
    • 1
  • Ju-Hee Lee
    • 3
  • Young-Joon Ahn
    • 1
  • Young Su Lee
    • 2
  • Sang-Guie Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute for Agriculture and Life ScienceSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Gyeonggi Agricultural Research and Extension ServicesHwaseongRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Crop Protection Division, Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop ProtectionNational Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development AdministrationWanjuRepublic of Korea

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