Advertisement

Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 231–241 | Cite as

Ornithodoros peropteryx (Acari: Argasidae) in Bolivia: an argasid tick with a single nymphal stage

  • José M. Venzal
  • Santiago Nava
  • Flavio A. Terassini
  • Maria Ogrzewalska
  • Luis Marcelo A. Camargo
  • Marcelo B. Labruna
Article

Abstract

By the end of the 1960s, the argasid tick Ornithodoros peropteryx was described from larval specimens collected from the bat Peropteryx macrotis in Colombia. Since its original description, no additional record of O. peropteryx has been reported, and its post-larval stages have remained unknown. During July 2010, 18 larvae were collected from 9 bats (Centronycteris maximiliani), resulting in a mean infestation of 2.0 ± 2.2 ticks per bat (range 1–8). These bats were captured in a farm in northeastern Bolivia close to Guaporé River in the border with Brazil. Morphological examinations of the larvae revealed them to represent the species O. peropteryx. One engorged larva that was kept alive in the laboratory moulted to a nymph after 9 days. Fourteen days after the larval moulting, the nymph moulted to an adult female without taking any blood meal during the nymphal period. This adult female was used for a morphological description of the female stage of O. peropteryx. In addition, the larvae were used for a morphological redescription of this stage. One larva and two legs extirpated from the adult female were submitted to DNA extraction and PCR targeting a fragment of the mitochondrial 16S rDNA gene, which yielded DNA sequences at least 11 % divergent from any available argasid sequence in Genbank. We show that O. peropteryx ontogeny is characterized by a single, non-feeding, nymphal stage. This condition has never been reported for ticks.

Keywords

Argasidae Ornithodoros Morphology Bolivia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Lorenza Beati (United States National Tick Collection, Statesboro, USA) for her efforts in searching for type specimens O. peropteryx, and Alberto Guglielmone (INTA, Argentina) for his comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. This work was supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, (FAPESP), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) from Brazil, and INTA and Asociación Cooperadora INTA Rafaela from Argentina.

References

  1. Bacha WJ Jr (1957) The life history of Otobius lagophilus. J Parasitol 43:560–565PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Balashov YS (1972) Bloodsucking ticks (Ixodoidea)—vectors of diseases of man and animals. Misc publ Entomol Soc Am 8:160–376Google Scholar
  3. Camicas JL, Hervy JP, Adam F, Morel PC (1998) Les tiques du monde. Éditions de I’Orstom, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération, Paris, p 233Google Scholar
  4. Cooley RA, Kohls GM (1940) Two new species of Argasidae (Acarina: Ixodoidea). Publ Health Rep 55:925–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cooley RA, Kohls GM (1944) The Argasidae of North America, Central America and Cuba. Am Midl Nat Monogr 1:1–152Google Scholar
  6. Guglielmone AA, Estrada-Peña A, Keirans JE, Robbins RG (2003) Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) of the neotropical zoogeographic region. International Consortium on Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, Atalanta, Houten, The Netherlands, 173 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Guglielmone AA, Robbins RG, Apanaskevich DA, Petney TA, Estrada-Peña A, Horak IG, Shao R, Barker SC (2010) The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a list of valid names. Zootaxa 2528:1–28Google Scholar
  8. Jones EK, Clifford CM (1972) The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae).V. A revised key to larval Argasidae of the western hemisphere and description of seven new species of Ornithodoros. Ann Entomol Soc Am 65:730–740Google Scholar
  9. Kohls GM, Sonenshine DE, Clifford CM (1965) The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). II. Identification of the larvae of the Western hemisphere and description of three new species. Ann Entomol Soc Am 58:331–364PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Kohls GM, Clifford CM, Jones EK (1969) The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). IV. Eight new species of Ornithodoros from the Western hemisphere. Ann Entomol Soc Am 62:1035–1043Google Scholar
  11. Mangold AJ, Bargues MD, Mas-Coma S (1998) Mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences and phylogenetic relationships of species of Rhipicephalus and other tick genera among Metastriata (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitol Res 84:478–484PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sangioni LA, Horta MC, Vianna MCB, Gennari SM, Soares RM, Galvão MAM, Schumaker TTS, Ferreira F, Vidotto O, Labruna MB (2005) Rickettsial infection in animals and Brazilian spotted fever endemicity. Emerg Infect Dis 11:265–270PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sonenshine DE (1991) Biology of ticks, vol 1. Oxford University Press, New York, p 345Google Scholar
  14. Wanchinga DM, Barker RW (1986) Colonization and laboratory development of Otobius megnini (Acari: Argasidae). J Econ Entomol 79:999–1002PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • José M. Venzal
    • 1
  • Santiago Nava
    • 2
  • Flavio A. Terassini
    • 3
    • 4
  • Maria Ogrzewalska
    • 5
  • Luis Marcelo A. Camargo
    • 3
    • 4
  • Marcelo B. Labruna
    • 5
  1. 1.Departamento de Parasitología Veterinaria, Facultad de VeterinariaUniversidad de la RepúblicaSaltoUruguay
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Tecnología AgropecuariaEstación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasRafaelaArgentina
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas 5Universidade de São PauloMonte NegroBrazil
  4. 4.Faculdade São LucasPorto VelhoBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations