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Chlamydia psittaci infection in canaries heavily infested by Dermanyssus gallinae

  • Elena CircellaEmail author
  • N. Pugliese
  • G. Todisco
  • M. A. Cafiero
  • O. A. E. Sparagano
  • A. Camarda
Article

Abstract

Dermanyssus gallinae is a haematophagous ectoparasite responsible for anemia, weight loss, dermatitis and a decrease in egg production. Dermanyssus gallinae may play a role in the modulation of the host immune system, maybe predisposing the host to some bacterial infections such as chlamydiosis. This is an important zoonosis. Humans are exposed to Chlamydia psittaci through inhalation of the agent dispersed from the infected birds. In this study, a syndrome observed in an aviary of canaries was investigated. A heavy infestation by D. gallinae was reported. Simultaneously, a C. psittaci infection was molecularly confirmed in the canaries. Combined therapy was applied successfully. The association of C. psittaci with the examined mites has been confirmed. Therefore, we think that D. gallinae have played a role in the spreading of C. psittaci infection among the canaries. Moreover, D. gallinae could have played an important role predisposing the canaries to the development of chlamydiosis, by inducing anemia and debilitation. The control of mites in the aviaries may represent a crucial step for the prevention of important infection such as chlamydiosis in birds and humans.

Keywords

Dermanyssus gallinae Chlamydia psittaci Canary Zoonosis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Aldo Corriero, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Italy, for his support for micrograph of Dermanyssus gallinae.

Supplementary material

10493_2011_9478_MOESM1_ESM.doc (36 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 36 kb)
10493_2011_9478_MOESM2_ESM.tif (102.8 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (TIFF 105300 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Circella
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Pugliese
    • 1
  • G. Todisco
    • 2
  • M. A. Cafiero
    • 3
  • O. A. E. Sparagano
    • 4
  • A. Camarda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public Health and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Bari “Aldo Moro”Valenzano, BariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of TeramoTeramoItaly
  3. 3.Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Apulia and BasilicataFoggiaItaly
  4. 4.School of Life SciencesNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

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