Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 393–404 | Cite as

Ticks (Acari: Ixodoidea: Argasidae, Ixodidae) of China

  • Ze Chen
  • Xiaojun Yang
  • Fengju Bu
  • Xiaohong Yang
  • Xiaolong Yang
  • Jingze LiuEmail author


This paper presents results of an investigation and listing of tick species found in China during a survey in all 28 provinces. This will be a step towards a definitive list of tick species and their distribution. To date, the tick fauna of this area consists of 117 species in the following families: Argasidae-Argas (7 species), Carios (4 species) and Ornithodoros (2 species); Ixodidae-Amblyomma (8 species), Anomalohimalaya (2 species), Dermacentor (12 species), Haemaphysalis (44 species), Hyalomma (6 species), Ixodes (24 species) and Rhipicephalus (8 species). Some well known ticks carrying and transmitting many infectious agents to man and domestic animals are also found in China. These include Ixodes persulcatus, Haemaphysalis longicornis, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R. (Boophilus) microplus and Hyalomma asiaticum. It is worth mentioning that Ixodes rangtangensis Teng and Haemaphysalis xinjiangensis Teng should be relegated to a synonym of I. moschiferi and Hae. danieli, respectively. The distribution of ticks over the provinces of China is also discussed. The information on ticks in some areas such as Henan is not exhaustive.


China Geographical distribution Haemaphysalis xinjiangensis Ixodes rangtangensis Ixodoidea 



This project was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (30670259) and Natural Science Foundation of Hebei province of China (C2007000266). We thank Xin Yu, Jiagang Sun, Jinlin Zhou, Yujiang Zhang et al. for specimens and Yi Sun kindly provided data on collections deposited in the museum of the Academy of Military Medical Sciences. We also thank Dr Haining Yu and Neville Sevicke Jones for the manuscript revision.


  1. Ahmed J, Alp H, Aksin M, Seitzer U (2007) Current status of ticks in Asia. Parasitol Res 101:S159–S162CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bai XL, Chen BF, Gu YM (1995) Ningxia medical entomology and Acari (fleas, ticks, mites, lice) and their geographical distribution. Ningxia Med J 17:1–8 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Barker SC, Murrell A (2004) Systematics and evolution of ticks with a list of valid genus and species names. Parasitology 129:15–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barker SC, Murrell A (2008) Systematics and evolution of ticks with a list of valid genus and species names. In: Bowman AS, Nuttall PA (eds) Ticks: biology, disease and control. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 1–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen Z, Yang XJ, Liu JZ (2006) Research report of medical ticks and mites in Hebei province. Chin J Pest Control 22:238–240 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Chen Z, Yu ZJ, Yang XJ, Zheng HY, Liu JZ (2009) The life cycle of Hyalomma asiaticum kozlovi olenev, 1931 (Acari: Ixodidae) under laboratory conditions. Vet Parasitol 160:134–137CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Coddingtonja JA, Colwell RK (2001) Arachnida. In: Levin SA (ed) Encyclopedia of biodiversity, vol 1. Academic Press, New York, pp 199–218Google Scholar
  8. Dumler JS, Choi KS, Garcia-Garcia JC, Barat NS, Scorpio DG, Garyu JW, Grab DJ, Bakken JS (2005) Human granulocytic anaplasmosis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Emerg Infect Dis 11:1828–1834PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gong HY, Zhou JL (2005) Progress on the tick modulation to host immunity. Prog Vet Med 26:34–38 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Gong ZD, Zi DY, Feng XG, Lei YM, Li ZX, Huang WL, Yang LP, Yuan QH, Hou ZL (2001) The checklist and distribution of ticks in mountainous crossing of western Yunnan. Chin J Pest Control 17:31–33 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Guglielmone AA, Robbins RG, Apanaskevich DA, Petney TN, Estrada-Pe AA, Horak IG (2009) Comments on controversial tick (Acari: Ixodida) species names, species described or resurrected from 2003 to 2008. Exp Appl Acarol 48:311–327CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Horak IG, Camicas JL, Keirans JE (2002) The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida): a world list of valid tick names. Exp Appl Acarol 28:27–54CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Huang JL, Zhou PS, Long ZM (1997) Community structure and special distribution of parasitic ticks, mites and fleas in Hainan mountainous area. Entomol Knowl 34:337–339 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. Kang XM, Zhu DH, Wang HH (1991) The parasitic ticks of camel in Hexi, Gansu province. Chin J Vet Sci Technol 21:19–20 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Kolonin GV (2009) Fauna of Ixodid ticks of the world (Acari, Ixodidae)
  16. Li WX (1987) The ecogeographical distribution of ticks in Liaoning province. Acta Entomol Sin 30:180–184 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Li ZG, Ma FH, Wu MY, Ma L, Hu X, Ding GJ, Liang XR, Ma HR (1998) A survey of Ixodoidea distribution in Ningxia. Chin J Vector Biol Control 9:44–45 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Li ZJ, Liu YR, Liu LP, Dong MJ, Xiang HY (2002) A survey of tick in Yichang, Hubei with the delimitation of zoogeographical regions. Chin J Vector Biol Control 13:200–201 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Liao GH, Lai CL (1995) A survey of Ixodidae distribution in Guangxi. Chin J Vector Biol Control 6:14–16 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. Liao HR, Yu X (1995) An investigation on ticks in Fujian. Endemic Dis Bull 10:50–52 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Liu YR, Yang ZQ (2001) The tick fauna in Hubei province. Acta Arachnol Sin 10:18–21 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Liu MS, Che DC, Huang KJ (1996) Catalogue of ticks and key of Ixodoidae in Shanxi department of parasitology. J Shanxi Teacher’s Univ Nat Sci Edition 10:36–38 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Lu FL (2004) The name list of the livestock’s parasites in Anhui province. Chin J Vector Biol Control 12:27–30 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Ma YH, Xu RM, Pan H, Sun Y, Du WD, Dong SD, Lu ZZ (1999) A survey of ticks in Huanan areas. Chin J Vector Biol Control 10:157–160 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Robbins RG, Robbins EM (2003) An indexed, annotated bibliography of the Chinese- and Japanese-language papers on ticks and tick-borne diseases translated under the editorship of the late Harry Hoogstraal (1917–1986). Syst Appl Acarol 17:1–12Google Scholar
  26. Shen XR, Shen DR (1997) Studies on the ticks and its transmission disease in Guizhou province. Chin J Vector Biol Control 8:287 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Shi ZY, Yang YS, Li Q, Zhao HB (2004) Study on species and geographic distribution of ticks in Gansu province. Chin J Vet Sci Technol 34:48–49 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  28. Sun ZX, Zhang YZ, Tian H, Li CY, Li QJ, Yang WH (1996) First record of Haemaphysalis danieli Černý & Hoogstraal, 1977 in Sunan, Gansu province of China. J Lanzhou Univ (Nat Sci) 32:138–141 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  29. Sun J, Zhang JB, Shi JF (1998) Investigation on species composition, distribution, wax and wane of Ixodoidea in Jiangsu. Chin J Pest Control 14:39–40 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Teng KF (1973) Notes on some Chinese ticks of the genus Ixodes with descriptions of two new species (Acarina: Ixodidae). Acta Entomol Sin 16:73–81 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  31. Teng KF (1978) Economic insect fauna of China. fasc 15 Acari: Ixodoidea. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Teng KF (1980) On the Chinese Haemaphysalis subgenus Allophysalis with description of a new species (Acarina: Ixodidae). Acta Entomol Sin 22:86–89 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Teng KF (1986) Studies on the genus Ixodes in China (Acarina: Ixodidae). Acta Zootax Sin 11:46–53 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  34. Teng KF, Jiang ZJ (1991) Economic insect fauna of China. fasc 39 Acari: Ixodidae. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  35. Xu RM, Guo TY, Yan SR, Chen YM, Du Y, Wu XM, Zhang Q (1995) A survey of ticks (Ixodoidea: Ixodidae) in Yadong, Tibet. Bull Acad Military Med Sci 19:107–109 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  36. Yang YS, Cao J, Zhao HB, Zhang JJ, Diwu JX, Gao XL (2008a) Investigation on species and nature geographic distribution of ticks in Shaanxi province. Chin J Hyg Insect Equip 14:97–99 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. Yang YS, Diwu JX, Cao J, Zhang JJ, Luo XH, Gao XL, Li Q, Zhang JM (2008b) Investigation on kinds and nature geographic distribution of ticks in Qinghai province. Chin J Hyg Insect Equip 14:201–203 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. Yao WB (1984) An investigation on ticks in Inner Mongolia. Inner Mongolia Med J 4:220–221 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  39. Yu X, Ye RY, Gong ZD (1997) The ticks fauna of Xinjiang. Xinjiang Scientific, Technological and Medical Publishing House, Urumqi (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  40. Zhang LJ, Liu Y, Ni DX, Li Q, Yu YL, Yu XJ, Wan KL, Li DX, Liang GD, Jiang XG, Jing HQ, Ren J, Luan MC, Fu XP, Zhang JS, Yang WZ, Wang Y, Dumler JS, Feng ZJ, Ren J, Xu JG (2008) Nosocomial transmission of human granulocytic anaplasmosis in China. J Am Med Assoc 300:2263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhu CJ, Zheng XC (1994) A new record of Aponomma lucasi Warburton in Sichuan. Acta Univ Sci Med Chongqing 19:19–20 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ze Chen
    • 1
  • Xiaojun Yang
    • 1
  • Fengju Bu
    • 1
  • Xiaohong Yang
    • 1
  • Xiaolong Yang
    • 1
  • Jingze Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesHebei Normal UniversityShijiazhuangChina

Personalised recommendations