Advertisement

Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 49, Issue 1–2, pp 143–146 | Cite as

Human hair follicle mites and forensic acarology

  • Clifford E. Desch
Article

Abstract

The hair follicle mites of the genus Demodex (Demodecidae) were first discovered in humans in 1841. Since then, members of this host-specific genus have been found in 11 of the 18 orders of eutherian mammals with most host species harboring two or more species of Demodex. Humans are host to D. folliculorum and D. brevis. The biology, natural history, and anatomy of these mites as related to their life in the human pilosebaceous complex is reviewed. This information may provide insight into the application of Demodex as a tool for the forensic acarologist/entomologist.

Keywords

Demodex Follicular mite 

References

  1. Akbulatova LK (1963) Demodicosis in man. Vestn Dermatol Venerol 38:34–42 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Andrews JRH (1988) The epidemiology of Demodex (Demodecidae) infestations in Tokelau islanders. In: Channabasavanna GP, Viraktamath CA (eds) Progress in acarology, vol 1. Oxford & IBH, New Delhi, pp 97–103Google Scholar
  3. Berger (1845) Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de L’Academie des Sciences, Paris 20:1506Google Scholar
  4. Borrel A (1909) Acariens et cancers. Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris) 23:29–53Google Scholar
  5. Breckenridge RL (1953) Infestation of the skin with Demodex folliculorum. Am J Clin Pathol 23:348–352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Chambers H, Somerset AM (1925) Breast disease and the Demodex folliculorum. Lancet 1:172–173. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)39642-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Desch CE, Nutting WB (1972) Demodex folliculorum (Simon) and D. brevis Akbulatova of man: redescription and reevaluation. J Parasitol 58:169–177. doi: 10.2307/3278267 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. French FE (1963) Two larval stadia of Demodex canis Leydig (Acarina: Trombidiformes). Acarologia 5:34–38Google Scholar
  9. Fuss F (1933) La via parasitaire du Demodex folliculorum hominis. Ann Dermatol Syphilol 4(series 7):1053–1062Google Scholar
  10. Gmeiner F (1908) Demodex folliculorum des Menschen und der Tiere. Arch Derm Syphilol 92:25–95. doi: 10.1007/BF01948445 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hirst S (1919) Studies on Acari. I. The genus Demodex Owen. British Museum (Natural History), London, 53 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Keh B (1985) Scope and applications of forensic entomology. Annu Rev Entomol 30:137–154. doi: 10.1146/annurev.en.30.010185.001033 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Megnin P (1877) Memoire sur le Demodex folliculorum, Owen. J Anat Physiol Paris 13:97–122Google Scholar
  14. Norn MS (1970) Demodex folliculorum. Incidence and possible pathogenic role in the human eyelid. Acta Ophthamolgica suppl. 108:85 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Owen R (1843) Lectures on the comparative anatomy and physiology of the invertebrate animals. Longman, London, pp 251–252Google Scholar
  16. Sengbusch HG (1991) Epidemiological studies of Demodex spp. (Acariformes: Demodecidae). In: Dusbabek F, Bukva V (eds) Modern acarology, vol 1. Academia Prague, Czech Republic, and SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, pp 301–308Google Scholar
  17. Sengbusch HG, Hauswirth JW (1986) Prevalence of hair follicle mites, Demodex folliculorum and D. brevis (Acari: Demodicidae), in a selected human population in western New York, USA. J Med Entomol 23:384–388PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Simon G (1842) Ueber eine in den Kranken und normalen Haarsäcken des Menschen lebende Milben. Muller’s Arch Anat. Physiol Wiss Med Berl 2:218–237Google Scholar
  19. Trodahl JN, Albjerg LE, Gorlin RJ (1967) Ectopic sebaceous glands of the tongue. Arch Dermatol 95:387–389. doi: 10.1001/archderm.95.4.387 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vance JC (1981) Demodectic mite on an extremity. Arch Dermatol 117:452. doi: 10.1001/archderm.117.8.452a PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wilson E (1844) Researches into the structure and development of a newly discovered parasitic animalicule of the human skin—the Entozoon folliculorum. Philos Trans R Soc Lond 134:305–319. doi: 10.1098/rstl.1844.0011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ConnecticutWest HartfordUSA

Personalised recommendations