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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 48, Issue 1–2, pp 93–104 | Cite as

The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae): a potential vector of pathogenic agents

  • Claire Valiente Moro
  • Carlos J. De Luna
  • Alexander Tod
  • Jonathan H. Guy
  • Olivier A. E. Sparagano
  • Lionel Zenner
Article

Abstract

The poultry red mite, D. gallinae has been involved in the transmission of many pathogenic agents, responsible for serious diseases both in animals and humans. Nowadays, few effective methods are available to control the ectoparasite in poultry farms. Consequently, this is an emerging problem which must be taken into account to maintain good health in commercial egg production. This paper addresses the vector capacity of the ectoparasite with special emphasis on salmonellae, pathogenic agents responsible for many of the most important outbreaks of food-borne diseases worlwide. It has been experimentally shown that D. gallinae could act as a biological vector of S. enteritidis and natural carriage of these bacteria by the mite on poultry premises has also been reported. It was also found that D. gallinae carried other pathogens such as E. coli, Shigella sp., and Staphylococcus, thus increasing the list of pathogenic agents potentially transmitted by the mite.

Keywords

Dermanyssus gallinae Vectorial role Pathogenic agents Salmonella 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partly supported financially by the European Commission through the STREP project “RESCAPE”, contract no. 036018, under the 6th Framework Programme, priority 5, food quality and safety.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claire Valiente Moro
    • 1
  • Carlos J. De Luna
    • 2
  • Alexander Tod
    • 2
  • Jonathan H. Guy
    • 2
  • Olivier A. E. Sparagano
    • 2
  • Lionel Zenner
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire « Microorganismes: Génome et Environnement »CNRS UMRAubiereFrance
  2. 2.School of Agriculture, Food and Rural DevelopmentNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie EvolutiveEcole Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon & Université de Lyon—CNRS UMRMarcy L’EtoileFrance

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