Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 48, Issue 1–2, pp 105–113 | Cite as

Endosymbiotic bacteria living inside the poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae)

  • Carlos J. De Luna
  • Claire Valiente Moro
  • Jonathan H. Guy
  • Lionel Zenner
  • Olivier A. E. Sparagano
Article

Abstract

This study investigated the endosymbiotic bacteria living inside the poultry red mite collected from five samples of one commercial farm from the UK and 16 farms from France using genus-specific PCR, PCR-TTGE and DNA sequencing. Endosymbiotic bacteria are intracellular obligate organisms that can cause several phenotypic and reproductive anomalies to their host and they are found widespread living inside arthropods. The farm sampled from the UK was positive for bacteria of the genera Cardinium sp. and Spiroplasma sp. From France, 7 farms were positive for Cardinium sp., 1 farm was positive for Spiroplasma sp., 1 farm was positive for Rickettsiella sp. and 2 farms were positive for Schineria sp. However, it was not possible to detect the presence of the genus Wolbachia sp. which has been observed in other ectoparasites. This study is the first report of the presence of endosymbionts living inside the poultry red mite. The results obtained suggest that it may be possible that these bacterial endosymbionts cause biological modifications to the poultry red mite.

Keywords

Endosymbiont Cardinium Spiroplasma Rickettsiella Schineria Poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported financially by the European Commission through the STREP project “RESCAPE”, contract no. 036018, under the sixth Framework Programme, priority 5, food quality and safety.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos J. De Luna
    • 1
    • 4
  • Claire Valiente Moro
    • 2
  • Jonathan H. Guy
    • 1
  • Lionel Zenner
    • 3
  • Olivier A. E. Sparagano
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Agriculture, Food and Rural DevelopmentNewcastle UniversityNewcastle Upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Laboratoire “Microorganismes: Génome et Environnement”CNRS UMRAubièreFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon & Université de LyonCNRS UMRMarcy L’EtoileFrance
  4. 4.School of Equine and Animal ScienceWrittle CollegeWrittleUK

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