Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 277–289 | Cite as

Spatial Distribution of Galls Caused by Aculus tetanothrix (Acari: Eriophyoidea) on Arctic Willows

Article

Abstract.

The distribution of galls caused by Aculus tetanothrix (Acari: Eriophyoidea) on three Salix species was studied. The factors influencing this distribution were analysed, i.e. willow species, study area and shoot length. Spatial pattern of gall distribution within the shoot was also examined. The study was conducted in Russia, Kola Peninsula. Densities of galls caused by A. tetanothrix differed significantly among willow species. Considerably higher gall density was recorded in the White Sea coast than in the Khibiny Mountains. This may be explained by the influence of a milder maritime climate that favors mite occurrence compared to a harsh and variable mountain climate that limits mite abundance. There was no relationship between the gall density and the shoot length. The highest density of galls was recorded on the inner offshoots; within the offshoot, there was a maximum density on the fifth leaf. This pattern was repeatable for all shoots studied, independent of the study area, willow species and length of shoots, suggesting the optimal conditions for A. tetanothrix exist on leaves in the middle part of a shoot. This distribution pattern may be an effect of the trade-off between the costs and benefits resulting from leaf quality and mite movement along the shoot. This hypothesis, however, needs to be tested experimentally.

Keywords

Arctic Eriophyoid mites Generalised additive modelling Herbivore Kola Peninsula Pests Russia Salix 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Avian Biology and Ecology, Institute of Enviromnental BiologyAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Department of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Institute of Environmental BiologyAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

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