Importation of Exotic Ticks into the United Kingdom via the International Trade in Reptiles
- 203 Downloads
Due to the increased trade in exotic reptiles, many of which are infested with ticks of various genera, there is an increased risk of exotic ticks and pathogens being introduced and potentially becoming established in new geographical areas. Despite the number and variety of tick species collected from reptiles, their role in the maintenance of pathogens and transmission to humans has not been fully investigated for all species. The potential public health risks to the United Kingdom have been examined through a preliminary study involving the collection and identification of exotic tick species imported via the reptile trade. Reptiles imported into Heathrow Airport, London (July 2003–October 2004) were carefully examined for ectoparasites. Five species of tick were collected: Aponomma exornatum, Ap. latum, Amblyomma rotundatum, Am. dissimile and Am. nuttalli. This is the first report of Am. dissimile identified from an interception at Heathrow airport. The potential for establishment of exotic ticks in the UK and the public health risks are discussed.
KeywordsAmblyomma Aponomma Exotic ticks Imported reptiles Risk assessment United Kingdom
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Babudieri, B. 1959Q fever: a zoonosisAd. Vet. Sci.581181Google Scholar
- Baker, A.S. 1999Mites and Ticks of Domestic Animals: An Identification Guide and Information SourceThe Stationary OfficeLondonGoogle Scholar
- Barnard, S.M., Durden, L.A. 1994A Veterinary Guide to the Parasites of Reptiles: Volume 2: Arthropods (Excluding Mites)Kreiger Publishing CompanyMalabarFloridaGoogle Scholar
- Burridge, M.J., Simmons, L.A. 2003Exotic ticks introduced into the United States on imported reptiles from 1962 to 2001 and their potential role in international dissemination of diseasesVet. Parasitol.2549132Google Scholar
- Companion Animal Welfare Council (CAWC). 2003. Report on the welfare of non-domesticated animals kept for companionship. The Companion Animal Welfare Council. ChairLord Soulsby, June 2003.Google Scholar
- Cumming, G.S. 1998Host preferences in African ticks (Acari: Ixodidae): a quantitative data setBull. Entomol. Res.88379406Google Scholar
- Elbl, A., Anastos, G. 1966aIxodid ticks (AcarinaIxodidae) of Central Africa. Volume 1: general introduction genus Amblyomma Koch1844Ann. Musée Roy. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8 Sci. Zool1451175Google Scholar
- Elbl, A., Anastos, G. 1966bIxodid ticks (AcarinaIxodidae) of Central Africa. Volume IV: genera Aponomma Neumann, 1899, Boophilus Curtice1891, Dermacentor Koch1844, Haemaphysalis Koch1844, Hyalomma Koch1844 and Rhipicentor Nuttall and Warburton, 1908Ann. Musée Roy. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8 Sci. Zool1481412Google Scholar
- Martens H. and Jelden D. 1992. Pet trade in reptiles and amphibians – perspectives on their conservation status within the European Community (EC). Proc. Sixth Ord. Gen. Meet. Soc. Europ. Herpetol. (S.E.H.) Budapest 1991, pp. 309–313Google Scholar
- Norval, R.A.I. 1985The ticks of Zimbabwe. XI. The genus AponommaZimbabwe Vet. J.1658Google Scholar
- Robinson, L.E. 1926The genus Amblyomma. In Ticks. A Monograph of the Ixodidae. Part IV. The genus AmblyommaUniversity PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar