Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 36, Issue 1–2, pp 149–163 | Cite as

Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) on wild carnivores in Brazil

  • Marcelo B. Labruna
  • Rodrigo S. P. Jorge
  • Dênis A. Sana
  • Anah Tereza A. Jácomo
  • Cyntia K. Kashivakura
  • Mariana M. Furtado
  • Claudia Ferro
  • Samuel A. Perez
  • Leandro Silveira
  • Tarcísio S. Santos JR
  • Samuel R. Marques
  • Ronaldo G. Morato
  • Alessandra Nava
  • Cristina H. Adania
  • Rodrigo H. F. Teixeira
  • Albério A. B. Gomes
  • Valéria A. Conforti
  • Fernando C. C. Azevedo
  • Cristiana S. Prada
  • Jean C. R. Silva
  • Adriana F. Batista
  • Maria Fernanda V. Marvulo
  • Rose L. G. Morato
  • Cleber J. R. Alho
  • Adriano Pinter
  • Patrícia M. Ferreira
  • Fernado Ferreira
  • Darci M. Barros-Battesti
Article

Abstract

The present study reports field data of ticks infesting wild carnivores captured from July 1998 to September 2004 in Brazil. Additional data were obtained from one tick collection and from previous published data of ticks on carnivores in Brazil. During field work, a total of 3437 ticks were collected from 89 Cerdocyon thous (crab-eating-fox), 58 Chrysocyon brachyurus (maned-wolf), 30 Puma concolor (puma), 26 Panthera onca (jaguar), 12 Procyon cancrivorus (crab-eating-raccoon), 4 Speothos venaticus (bush-dog), 6 Pseudalopex vetulus (hoary-fox), 6 Nasua nasua (coati), 6 Leopardus pardalis (ocelot), 2 Leopardus tigrinus (oncilla), 1 Leopardus wiedii (margay), 1 Herpailurus yagouaroundi (jaguarundi), 1 Oncifelis colocolo (pampas-cat), 1 Eira barbara (tayara), 1 Galictis vittata (grison), 1 Lontra longicaudis (neotropical-otter), and 1 Potus flavus (kinkajou). Data obtained from the Acari Collection IBSP included a total of 381 tick specimens collected on 13 C. thous, 8 C. brachyurus, 3 P. concolor, 10 P. onca, 3 P. cancrivorus, 4 N. nasua, 1 L. pardalis, 1 L. wiedii, 4 H. yagouaroundi, 1 Galictis cuja (lesser grison), and 1 L. longicaudis. The only tick infested-carnivore species previously reported in Brazil, for which we do not present any field data are Pseudalopex gymnocercus (pampas fox), Conepatus chinga (Molina’s hog-nosed skunk), and Conepatus semistriatus (striped hog-nosed skunk). We report the first tick records in Brazil on two Felidae species (O. colocolo, H. yagouaroundi), two Canidae species (P. vetulus, S. venaticus), one Procyonidae species (P. flavus) and one Mustelidae (E. barbara). Tick infestation remains unreported for 5 of the 26 Carnivora species native in Brazil: Oncifelis geoffroyi (Geoffroy’s cat), Atelocynus microtis (short-eared dog), Pteronura brasiliensis (giant otter), Mustela africana (Amazon weasel), and Bassaricyon gabbii (olingo). Our field data comprise 16 tick species represented by the genera Amblyomma (12 species), Ixodes (1 species), Dermacentor (1 species), Rhipicephalus (1 species), and Boophilus (1 species). Additional 5 tick species (3 Amblyomma species and 1 species from each of the genera Ixodes and Ornithodoros) were reported in the literature. The most common ticks on Carnivora hosts were Amblyomma ovale (found on 14 host species), Amblyomma cajennense (10 species), Amblyomma aureolatum (10 species), Amblyomma tigrinum (7 species), Amblyomma parvum (7 species), and Boophilus microplus (7 species).

Keywords

Brazil Carnivora Ixodida Ticks 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo B. Labruna
    • 1
  • Rodrigo S. P. Jorge
    • 1
  • Dênis A. Sana
    • 2
  • Anah Tereza A. Jácomo
    • 2
  • Cyntia K. Kashivakura
    • 2
  • Mariana M. Furtado
    • 2
  • Claudia Ferro
    • 2
  • Samuel A. Perez
    • 2
  • Leandro Silveira
    • 2
  • Tarcísio S. Santos JR
    • 3
  • Samuel R. Marques
    • 3
  • Ronaldo G. Morato
    • 2
  • Alessandra Nava
    • 4
  • Cristina H. Adania
    • 5
  • Rodrigo H. F. Teixeira
    • 6
  • Albério A. B. Gomes
    • 7
  • Valéria A. Conforti
    • 2
  • Fernando C. C. Azevedo
    • 2
  • Cristiana S. Prada
    • 2
  • Jean C. R. Silva
    • 1
  • Adriana F. Batista
    • 8
  • Maria Fernanda V. Marvulo
    • 1
  • Rose L. G. Morato
    • 3
  • Cleber J. R. Alho
    • 9
  • Adriano Pinter
    • 1
  • Patrícia M. Ferreira
    • 1
  • Fernado Ferreira
    • 1
  • Darci M. Barros-Battesti
    • 10
  1. 1.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e ZootecniaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Associação para a Conservação dos Carnívoros Neotropicais - Pró-CarnívorosAtibaiaBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Federal de São CarlosSão CarlosBrazil
  4. 4.Institutos de Pesquisas EcológicasBase Pontal, Teodoro SampaioBrazil
  5. 5.Associação Mata CiliarJundiaíBrazil
  6. 6.Parque Zoológico Municipal ‘‘Quinzinho de Barros’‘SorocabaBrazil
  7. 7.Universidade Federal de Campina GrandePatosBrazil
  8. 8.Floresteca Agroflorestal LtdaJangadaBrazil
  9. 9.Universidade para o Desenvolvimento do Estado e da Região do PantanalCampo GrandeBrazil
  10. 10.Instituto ButantanLaboratório de ParasitologiaSão PauloBrazil

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