Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 34, Issue 3–4, pp 275–290 | Cite as

Mitochondrial DNA and RAPD polymorphisms in the haploid mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae)

  • J. C. V. Rodrigues
  • M. Gallo-meagher
  • R. Ochoa
  • C. C. Childers
  • B. J. Adams
Article

Abstract.

Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) is recognized as the vector of citrus leprosis virus that is a significant problem in several South American countries. Citrus leprosis has been reported from Florida in the past but no longer occurs on citrus in North America. The disease was recently reported in Central America, suggesting that B. phoenicis constitutes a potential threat to the citrus industries of North America and the Caribbean. Besides B. phoenicis, B. obovatus Donnadieu, and B. californicus (Banks) have been incriminated as vectors of citrus leprosis virus and each species has hundreds of host plants. In this study, Brevipalpus mite specimens were collected from different plants, especially citrus, in the States of Florida (USA) and São Paulo (Brazil), and reared on citrus fruit under standard laboratory conditions. Mites were taken from these colonies for DNA extraction and for morphological species identification. One hundred and two Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were scored along with amplification and sequencing of a mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene fragment (374 bp). Variability among the colonies was detected with consistent congruence between both molecular data sets. The mites from the Florida and Brazilian colonies were morphologically identified as belonging to B. phoenicis, and comprise a monophyletic group. These colonies could be further diagnosed and subdivided geographically by mitochondrial DNA analysis.

Keywords

Brevipalpus ‘Citrus leprosis virus –CiLV’ Cenopalpus Eutetranychus Phylogenetic relationship 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. V. Rodrigues
    • 1
  • M. Gallo-meagher
    • 2
  • R. Ochoa
    • 3
  • C. C. Childers
    • 1
  • B. J. Adams
    • 4
  1. 1.Entomology and Nematology Department, Citrus Research and Education CenterUniversity of Florida, IFASLake Alfred
  2. 2.Agronomy Department and Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology ProgramUniversity of Florida, IFASGainesville
  3. 3.SEL, ARS, PSI, USDA, BARC-WestBeltsville
  4. 4.Microbiology and Molecular Biology DepartmentBrigham Young UniversityProvo

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