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Applied Intelligence

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 1–15 | Cite as

Some novel hybrid forecast methods based on picture fuzzy clustering for weather nowcasting from satellite image sequences

  • Le Hoang SonEmail author
  • Pham Huy Thong
Article

Abstract

Weather nowcasting comprises the detailed description of the current weather along with forecasts obtained by extrapolation for very short-range period of zero to six hours ahead. It is particularly useful when forecasting complicated processes such as rainfall, clouds, and rapidly developing or changing storms. This plays an important role for daily activities like working, traveling, daily planning, flying, etc. Weather forecast can be solved by latest radar, satellite or observational data. However, the main challenges associated with nowcasting are the flawed characterization of transitions between different meteorological structures. In this paper, we propose two novel hybrid forecast methods based on picture fuzzy clustering for weather nowcasting. The first method named as PFC-STAR uses a combination of picture fuzzy clustering and spatiotemporal regression. The second one named as PFC-PFR integrates picture fuzzy clustering with picture fuzzy rule. Those methods are equipped with advanced training processes which enhance the accuracy of predicted outputs. The experiments indicate that the proposed methods are better than the relevant ones for weather nowcasting.

Keywords

Picture fuzzy clustering Picture fuzzy rules Satellite images Spatiotemporal regression Weather nowcasting 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are greatly indebted to the editor-in-chief, Prof. Moonis Ali; anonymous reviewers for their comments and their valuable suggestions that improved the quality and clarity of paper. This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under grant number 102.05-2014.01.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VNU University of ScienceVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam

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