Barriers to Implementing a Group Treatment for Maternal Depression in Head Start: Comparing Staff Perspectives

  • Abigail Palmer MolinaEmail author
  • Lawrence A. Palinkas
  • William Monro
  • Ferol E. Mennen
Original Article


Although providing depression treatment for Head Start mothers may improve child wellbeing, interventions have not been widely used for this purpose. This failure may be due to the characteristics of clients, interventions, or the systems of care in which services are delivered. This study explored barriers to implementing Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Group with ethnic minority Head Start mothers, including differences in the level of staff consensus regarding barriers, which may predict implementation success. Barriers included resource challenges, cultural and linguistic differences, and participant concerns, and staff demonstrated low to moderate consensus. Results emphasize the importance of engaging diverse stakeholders in implementation.


Barriers Implementation Depression Mothers Head Start 



This work was supported by the Administration of Children and Families [Grant Number 90YR0074-01-00] awarded to Ferol E. Mennen, Ph.D.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern California Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social WorkLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Chair of the Department of Children, Youth, and FamiliesUniversity of Southern California Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social WorkLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Children, Youth, and FamiliesUniversity of Southern California Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social WorkLos AngelesUSA

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