Burnout and Mental Health Stigma Among Juvenile Probation Officers: The Moderating Effect of Participatory Atmosphere

  • Allyson L. DirEmail author
  • Lisa Saldana
  • Jason E. Chapman
  • Matthew C. Aalsma
Original Article


Despite high rates of mental health problems among juvenile justice-involved youth, mental health stigma among juvenile probation officers (JPOs) is under-studied. This cross-sectional study examined effects of job burnout and workplace participatory atmosphere on mental health stigma among JPOs across Indiana (n = 226). Participatory atmosphere moderated the relationship between JPO burnout-related cynicism and mental health stigma (interaction β = − 0.14, p = .04); burnout was related to greater mental health stigma at low levels of participatory atmosphere. Findings suggest participatory atmosphere mitigates effects of burnout on mental health stigma among JPOs. Organizational-level interventions might help to reduce mental health stigma and combat negative effects from burnout among JPOs.


Juvenile probation officers Mental health stigma Burnout Organizational climate 



This study was funded by National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA040416), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (R01HS024296).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allyson L. Dir
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Lisa Saldana
    • 2
  • Jason E. Chapman
    • 2
  • Matthew C. Aalsma
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Section of Adolescent Medicine, Department of PediatricsIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA
  2. 2.Oregon Social Learning CenterEugeneUSA
  3. 3.Adolescent Behavioral Health Research Program, Department of PediatricsIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA

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