Evidence-Based Treatment Strategies in Youth Mental Health Services: Results from a National Survey of Providers

  • Evelyn ChoEmail author
  • Phillip K. Wood
  • Erin K. Taylor
  • Estee M. Hausman
  • Jack H. Andrews
  • Kristin M. HawleyEmail author
Original Article


Previous surveys indicate infrequent use of evidence-based treatment (EBT) manuals in usual care youth mental health, but the extent to which providers use core and common EBT strategies and what contextual factors impact EBT strategy implementation need further study. In a national, multidisciplinary survey of 1092 youth-serving providers, providers reported regular use of many EBT strategies. Provider learning theory orientation, more recent degree, more standardized and ongoing assessment use, more positive attitudes toward innovation and evidence, fewer low-income clients, and perceptions that their agency valued quality care and provided fewer training resources predicted more frequent EBT strategy use.


Usual care Evidence-based treatment Youth mental health Dissemination Implementation 



The authors would like to thank Jonathon Cook, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Marcia Kearns for their assistance with survey development and administration.


This research was supported in part by R03 MH077752 from the National Institute of Mental Health to Kristin M. Hawley.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of Missouri Institutional Review Board and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

This study was approved for a waiver of signed consent. All participants were provided with a consent statement.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn Cho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Phillip K. Wood
    • 1
  • Erin K. Taylor
    • 1
    • 2
  • Estee M. Hausman
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jack H. Andrews
    • 1
  • Kristin M. Hawley
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.University of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  3. 3.Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA

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