Therapist-Specific Factors and Psychotherapy Outcomes of Adult and Youth Clients Seen in a Psychology Training Clinic
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The current study investigated therapist demographic and level of experience in relation to psychotherapy outcomes for adult and child clients. The OQ-45 and Y-OQ 2.01 were used to assess outcomes for 199 adults and 169 youth clients seen for psychotherapy by graduate-level student therapists. Analyses included calculation of Pearson correlation coefficients for each therapist-specific factors (e.g., therapist age, sex) and total score change amount on the OQ-45/Y-OQ 2.01 by treatment outcome subgroup (e.g., clinically significant change, reliable improvement, no change, or deterioration). For adults, a statistically significant relationship was found between improved outcomes and therapist having previously obtained clinical master’s degree (r = 0.276, p < .05) as well as female therapist gender (r = −0.295, p < .05). For youth, no statistically significant correlations were observed. Current findings are compared to nontraining settings and implications for student therapist training and training clinic policy are reviewed.
KeywordsPsychotherapy outcomes Therapist ethnicity Therapist gender Therapist level of trainng
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