Mental Health and Substance Abuse Service Engagement by Men and Women During Community Reentry Following Incarceration
- 2.3k Downloads
Individuals reentering the community following incarceration are at high risk for experiencing mental health and substance use problems. This longitudinal study explores patterns and barriers for engaging treatment services during early reentry. Seventy-five men and 62 women in jail, prison, or community based correctional facilities (CBCFs) participated in pre- and post-release interviews. Findings indicate that services were engaged at a lower-than-needed rate and barriers were greater for individuals leaving jails compared to prison or CBCF. Exploratory factor analysis of the barriers instrument is presented. Implications for extending service access to this population are discussed, as are future directions for research.
KeywordsPrisoner community reentry Mental health and substance use services Barriers to service engagement
The collaborative partnership leading to Project RISE was supported by a grant from the Ohio Criminal Justice Services (OCJS) to the Ohio Association of County Behavioral Health Authorities (OACBHA) and by the Ohio State University’s College of Social Work. The team is indebted to the fourteen participating state and county criminal justice facilities, the men and women who participated in the study, Ms. Stacey Frohnapfel-Hasson, and our student assistants: Emily Beavers, Melissa Brundage, NitishaBurkhead, Karen Call, Lindsay Gezinski, Greg Harrison, Tiffney Hughes, Lori Murphy, Tabitha Penny, Hillary Shaub, Chris Sielski, and Michael Wente.
- American Association of Community Psychiatrists (2001). AACPcontinuity of care guidelines: Best practices for managing transitions between levels of care. Retrieved from http://www.communitypsychiatry.org/publications/clinical_and_administrative_tools_guidelines/default.aspx.
- Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (2001). AUDIT: The alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test: Guidelines for Use in Primary Care, Second Edition. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence.Google Scholar
- Begun, A. L., Rose, S. J., & LeBel, T. (2010). How jail partnerships can help women address substance abuse problems in preparing for community reentry. In S. Stojkovic (Ed.), Managing special populations in jails and prisons, (pp. 1–29), vol. II.Google Scholar
- Blitz, C. L., Wolff, N., Ko-Yu, P., & Pogorzelski, W. (2005). Gender-specific behavioral health and community release patterns among New Jersey prison inmates: Implications for treatment and community reentry. American Journal of Public Health, 95(10), 1741–1746. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.059733.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Campbell, T. C., Barrett, D., Cisler, R. A., Solliday-McRoy, C., & Melchert, T. P. (2001). Reliability estimates of the alcohol use disorders identification test revised to include other drugs (AUDIT-12). Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 25(Suppl. 242), 46A.Google Scholar
- Carson, E. A., & Golinelli, D. (2013). Prisoners in 2012: Trends in admissions and releases, 1991-2012. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=4842.
- Fontaine, J., Gilchrist-Scott, D., Roman, J., Taxy, S. & Roman, C. (2012). Supportive housing for returning prisoners: Outcomes and impacts of the returning home—Ohio pilot project. Urban Institute Justice Policy Center. http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412632-Supportive-Housing-for-Returning-Prisoners.pdf. Retrieved 9/11/2013.
- Freudenberg, N., Daniels, J., Crum, M., Perkins, T., & Richie, B. E. (2008). Coming home from jail: The social and health consequences of community reentry for women, male adolescents, and their families and communities. American Journal of Public Health, 98, S191–S202. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.056325.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Frisman, L. K., Swanson, J., Marin, M. C., & Leavitt-Smith, E. (2010). Estimating costs of reentry programs for prisoners with severe mental illnesses. In H.A. Dlugacz (Ed.), Reentry planning for offenders with mental disorders: Policy and practice (pp. 4-1 to 4-11). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Instituted.Google Scholar
- Glaze, L. E., & Herberman, E. J. (2013). Correctional populations in the United States, 2012. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus12.pdf.
- Gouvis Roman, C. & Travis, J. (2004). Taking stock: Housing, homelessness, and prisoner reentry. Urban Institute. http://www.urban.org/publications/411096.html. Retrieved 9/11/2013.
- Government Accountability Office (GAO) (2005). Drug offenders: Various factors may limit the impacts of federal laws that provide for denial of selected benefits. Report GAO-05- 238, 1–85.Google Scholar
- Gravic® (2008). Remark Office OMR, version 7.User’s guide. Malvern, PA: Remark Products Group. www.gravic.com.
- Hatcher, S. (2007). Transitional care for offenders with mental illness in jail: Mapping indicators of successful community reentry. Best Practice in Mental Health, 3(2), 38–51.Google Scholar
- Hatcher, S. (2010). Recognizing perspectives on community reentry from offenders with mental illness: Using the Afrocentric framework and concept mapping with adult detainees. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 49(8), 536–550. doi: 10.1080/10509674.2010.519649.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- James, D. J., & Glaze, L. E. (2006). Mental health problems of prison and jail inmates. Bureau of Justice Statistics. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mhppji.pdf.
- Karberg, J. C., & James, D. J. (2005). Substance dependence, abuse, and treatment of jail inmates, 2002. Bureau of Justice Statistics. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/sdatji02.pdf.
- Kerr, S., & Lockshin, A. (2010). Legal standards for securing reentry services.In H. A. Dlugacz (Ed.), Reentry planning for offenders with mental disorders: Policy and practice, (pp. 2-1 to 2-25). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Instituted.Google Scholar
- Mann, B., Bond, D., & Powitzky, R. J. (2011). Collaborating for SUCCESS in interagency correctional mental health reentry. Corrections Today, 73(5), 30–33.Google Scholar
- Martin, B. D., Kowalski, B. P. & Schnelle, S. M. (2012). Findings and recommendations from a statewide outcome evaluation of Ohio jails. Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections. Retrieved on 1/7/2015 from http://www.drc.ohio.gov/web/ohiojailevaluation.pdf.
- McCarty, M., Aussenberg, R. A., Falk, G., & Carpenter, D. H. (2013). Drug testing and crime- related restriction in TANF, SNAP, and housing assistance. Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service. Retrieved on 3/7/14 from www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42394.pdf.
- Minton, T. D. (2013). Jail inmates at midyear 2012: Statistical tables (NCJ 241264). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.Google Scholar
- Mumola, C. J., & Karberg, J. C. (2006). Drug use and dependence, state and federal prisoners, 2004. Bureau of Justice Statistics. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dudsfp04.pdf.
- Notley, C., Maskrey, V., & Holland, R. (2012). The needs of problematic drug misusers not in structured treatment: A qualitative study of perceived treatment barriers and recommendations for services. Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy, 19(1), 40–48. doi: 10.3109/09687637.2011.570384.Google Scholar
- Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections (2002). The Ohio plan for productive offender reentry and recidivism reduction. Retrieved 1/7/2015 from http://www.drc.ohio.gov/web/ReentryFinalPlan.pdf.
- Oser, C., Knudsen, H., Staton-Tindall, M., & Leukefeld, C. (2009). The adoption of wraparound services among substance abuse treatment organizations serving criminal offenders: The role of a women-specific program. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 103, S82–S90. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2008.12.008.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Rich, J. D., Holmes, L., Salas, C., Macalino, G., Davis, D., Ryczek, J., & Flanigan, T. (2001). Successful linkage of medical care and community services for HIV-positive offenders being released from prison. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 78(2), 279–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rose, S. J., LeBel, T. P., Begun, A. L., & Fuhrmann, D. (2014). Looking out from the inside: Incarcerated women’s perceived barriers to treatment of substance use. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 53(4), 300–316.Google Scholar
- Seredycz, M. A. (2010). Offender drug abuse and recidivism: An access to recovery program. El Paso, TX: LFP Scholarly Publishing LLC.Google Scholar
- Teitelbaum, J. B., & Hoffman, L. G. (2013). Health reform and correctional health care: How the Affordable Care Act can improve the health of ex-offenders and their communities. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 40(4), 1323–1356.Google Scholar
- The Urban Institute (2002). Public health dimensions of prisoner reentry: Addressing the health needs and risks of returning prisoners and their families. Los Angeles, CA. National Reentry Roundtable, 1–21.Google Scholar