Burnout in Mental Health Services: A Review of the Problem and Its Remediation
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Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review of the limited research attempting to remediate burnout among mental health staff. We conclude with recommendations for the development and rigorous testing of intervention approaches to address this critical area.
KeywordsBurnout Burnout prevention Mental health staff
This study was funded in part by an IP-RISP grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (R24 MH074670; Recovery Oriented Assertive Community Treatment). We also appreciate the assistance of Candice Hudson, L. Kay Webb, Bonnie Barbareck, and Dawn Hope Shimp in the preparation of this manuscript.
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