Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 375–380 | Cite as

Anticipatory Electrodermal Response as a Differentiating Somatic Marker Between Children with ADHD and Controls

  • Michie OdleEmail author
  • Judith A. Ouellette


Six children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and five control children between the ages of 9 and 11 years were administered an adapted version of the Iowa Gambling Task while measuring anticipatory electrodermal response (EDR). Anticipatory EDR measures were compared between groups. Results indicate that the ADHD group exhibited significantly lower autonomic reactivity to anticipated consequences, evidencing a neuropsychological profile similar to patients with lesions in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Anticipatory Electrodermal Response (EDR) Somatic marker Iowa Gambling Task Prefrontal cortex 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Standard

This human participants study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the College and was performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

Informed Consent

All participants provided informed consent prior to the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyState University of New York College at CortlandCortlandUSA

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