Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 45–52 | Cite as

Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome: Reduction of Medication Use After Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy with an Internal Myofascial Trigger Point Wand

  • Rodney U. Anderson
  • Richard H. Harvey
  • David Wise
  • J. Nevin Smith
  • Brian H. Nathanson
  • Tim Sawyer
Article

Abstract

This study documents the voluntary reduction in medication use in patients with refractory chronic pelvic pain syndrome utilizing a protocol of pelvic floor myofascial trigger point release with an FDA approved internal trigger point wand and paradoxical relaxation therapy. Self-referred patients were enrolled in a 6-day training clinic from October, 2008 to May, 2011 and followed the protocol for 6 months. Medication usage and symptom scores on a 1–10 scale (10 = most severe) were collected at baseline, and 1 and 6 months. All changes in medication use were at the patient’s discretion. Changes in medication use were assessed by McNemar’s test in both complete case and modified intention to treat (mITT) analyses. 374 out of 396 patients met inclusion criteria; 79.7 % were male, median age of 43 years and median symptom duration of 5 years. In the complete case analysis, the percent of patients using medications at baseline was 63.6 %. After 6 months of treatment the percentage was 40.1 %, a 36.9 % reduction (p < 0.001). In the mITT analysis, there was a 22.7 % overall reduction from baseline (p < 0.001). Medication cessation at 6 months was significantly associated with a reduction in total symptoms (p = 0.03).

Keywords

Myofascial trigger point release Chronic pelvic pain syndrome Paradoxical relaxation Physical therapy 

Abbreviations

CP/CPPS

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome

CPPS

Urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome

NIH-CPSI

National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptoms

TrP

Trigger point

Notes

Conflict of interest

R. U. Anderson is a consultant to New Pelvic Pain Technologies, Inc. and holds intellectual property royalty relationship. D. Wise is founder and owner of New Pelvic Pain Technologies, Inc. T. Sawyer is a consultant and holds stock relationship with New Pelvic Pain Technologies, Inc. Brian H. Nathanson, through his company OptiStatim, LLC, has received consulting fees from New Pelvic Pain Technologies, Inc.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodney U. Anderson
    • 1
  • Richard H. Harvey
    • 2
  • David Wise
    • 3
  • J. Nevin Smith
    • 4
  • Brian H. Nathanson
    • 5
  • Tim Sawyer
    • 3
  1. 1.Stanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health EducationSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.National Center for Pelvic Pain ResearchSebastopolUSA
  4. 4.SonomaUSA
  5. 5.OptiStatim, LLCLongmeadowUSA

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