Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 11–18 | Cite as

EEG Spectral Analysis on Muslim Prayers

  • Hazem Doufesh
  • Tarig Faisal
  • Kheng-Seang Lim
  • Fatimah Ibrahim


This study investigated the proposition of relaxation offered by performing the Muslim prayers by measuring the alpha brain activity in the frontal (F3–F4), central (C3–C4), parietal (P3–P4), and occipital (O1–O2) electrode placements using the International 10–20 System. Nine Muslim subjects were asked to perform the four required cycles of movements of Dhuha prayer, and the EEG were subsequently recorded with open eyes under three conditions, namely, resting, performing four cycles of prayer while reciting the specific verses and supplications, and performing four cycles of acted salat condition (prayer movements without any recitations). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests revealed that there were no significant difference in the mean alpha relative power (RPα) between the alpha amplitude in the Dhuha prayer and the acted conditions in all eight electrode positions. However, the mean RPα showed higher alpha amplitude during the prostration position of the Dhuha prayer and acted condition at the parietal and occipital regions in comparison to the resting condition. Findings were similar to other studies documenting increased alpha amplitude in parietal and occipital regions during meditation and mental concentration. The incidence of increased alpha amplitude suggested parasympathetic activation, thus indicating a state of relaxation. Subsequent studies are needed to delineate the role of mental concentration, and eye focus, on alpha wave amplitude while performing worshipping acts.


Salat Muslims prayer EEG Alpha wave Prostration 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hazem Doufesh
    • 1
  • Tarig Faisal
    • 1
  • Kheng-Seang Lim
    • 2
  • Fatimah Ibrahim
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Informatics and Biological Micro-electro-mechanical Systems (MIMEMS) Specialized Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Division of Neurology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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