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Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 227–235 | Cite as

The Role of Intention to Conceal in the P300-based Concealed Information Test

  • Kenta Kubo
  • Hiroshi Nittono
Article

Abstract

The present study examined whether intention to conceal knowledge affects P300 amplitude and detection accuracy in the concealed information test. Eighteen university students were told to choose one card from five and to hide it. In the conceal condition, participants made an effort to leave their chosen card undetected by suppressing their brain response to it. In the transmit condition, they attempted to inform the experimenter of the chosen card by enhancing brain response to it. In the no secret condition, participants showed the chosen card to the experimenter beforehand and lost their motivation to conceal it. The difference in P300 amplitude between the chosen and unchosen cards was significant only in the conceal and transmit conditions. The results suggest that a larger P300 amplitude for the chosen card was not due to a deception-specific process but rather to increased significance of the item caused by additional processing.

Keywords

Detection of deception Memory P300 Concealed information test Intention 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Part of this study was presented at a poster session of the Second International Workshop on Kansei (March 7, 2008, Fukuoka, Japan) and at a symposium of the 14th World Congress of Psychophysiology (September 9, 2008, St. Petersburg, Russia). We thank J. P. Rosenfeld for his comments on the ERP data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Integrated Arts and SciencesHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

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