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Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp 1625–1646 | Cite as

Numerical investigation on aerodynamic performance of a bionic flapping wing

  • Xinghua Chang
  • Laiping ZhangEmail author
  • Rong Ma
  • Nianhua Wang
Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

This paper numerically studies the aerodynamic performance of a bird-like bionic flapping wing. The geometry and kinematics are designed based on a seagull wing, in which flapping, folding, swaying, and twisting are considered. An in-house unsteady flow solver based on hybrid moving grids is adopted for unsteady flow simulations. We focus on two main issues in this study, i.e., the influence of the proportion of down-stroke and the effect of span-wise twisting. Numerical results show that the proportion of down-stroke is closely related to the efficiency of the flapping process. The preferable proportion is about 0.7 by using the present geometry and kinematic model, which is very close to the observed data. Another finding is that the drag and the power consumption can be greatly reduced by the proper span-wise twisting. Two cases with different reduced frequencies are simulated and compared with each other. The numerical results show that the power consumption reduces by more than 20%, and the drag coefficient reduces by more than 60% through a proper twisting motion for both cases. The flow mechanism is mainly due to controlling of unsteady flow separation by adjusting the local effective angle of attack. These conclusions will be helpful for the high-performance micro air vehicle (MAV) design.

Key words

flapping wing bird-like flapping unsteady flow radial basis function (RBF) hybrid dynamic mesh span-wise twisting mechanism 

Chinese Library Classification

O355 O357.1 

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

76Dxx 76Gxx 76M12 

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Copyright information

© Shanghai University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinghua Chang
    • 1
  • Laiping Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rong Ma
    • 2
  • Nianhua Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.China Aerodynamics Research and Development CenterState Key Laboratory of AerodynamicsMianyang, Sichuan ProvinceChina
  2. 2.China Aerodynamics Research and Development CenterComputational Aerodynamics InstituteMianyang, Sichuan ProvinceChina

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